Childhood injuries: a population‐based study of emergency room visits in Jerusalem

Rosa Gofin, Hava Palti, Bella Adler, Edet Edet

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Abstract

Summary. A study of childhood injuries of 0–17‐year‐old Jewish children based on emergency room records of the four major hospitals and the first aid stations was conducted in Jerusalem during 1986. The incidence of visits was 99.7/1000 child‐years with 95% confidence intervals (CI)=98.0–101.5. The rate was 97.2/1000 child‐years (CI=94.4–100.0) among the 0–5‐year‐olds, 114.6/1000 child‐years (CI=111.3–118.0) in the 6–12 age group, and was 93.6/1000 child‐years (CI=90.1–97.1) among 13–17‐year‐olds. The male to female rate ratio was 1.7 for the 0–5‐year‐olds, 2.1 for the 6–12‐year‐olds and 2.3 for the 13–17‐year‐olds. The most frequent causes of injuries were falls, 38.5/1000 child‐years (CI=37.4–39.6), being struck or caught, 21.1/1000 child‐years (CI=20.3–21.9), and road accidents, 5.4/1000 child‐years (CI=5.0–5.8). Only burns among children aged 6 years and over and poisoning among 13–17‐year‐olds showed a higher incidence among females than among males. The head was the most frequently injured part of the body (45.2/1000 child‐years, CI=44.0–46.4). Head injuries decreased as age increased, while injuries to the extremities and trunk increased with increasing age. Two per cent of the injured children were admitted to hospital.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)174-188
Number of pages15
JournalPaediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1989

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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