Childhood Disadvantage, Social and Psychological Stress, and Substance Use Among Homeless Youth: A Life Stress Framework

Kimberly A. Tyler, Rachel M. Schmitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We used a life stress framework to examine linkages between distal or primary stressors (e.g., child abuse) and proximal or secondary stressors (e.g., street victimization) and their association with substance use among 150 youth experiencing homelessness in the Midwestern United States. Results revealed that numerous primary stressors such as number of times youth ran from home and number of foster care placements were associated with secondary stressors, such as anxiety, total duration of homelessness, and street victimization. Only street physical victimization (e.g., been beaten up since leaving home) was associated with greater substance use. Our findings provide a more holistic picture of both distal and proximal life stressors that these young people experience and reveal the complexity of issues that service providers must acknowledge when working with this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalYouth and Society
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Mar 1 2018

Fingerprint

psychological stress
victimization
childhood
homelessness
service provider
abuse
anxiety
experience

Keywords

  • childhood disadvantage
  • homeless youth
  • street environment
  • stressors
  • substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

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