Child Sleep and Socioeconomic Context in the Development of Cognitive Abilities in Early Childhood

Caroline P. Hoyniak, John E. Bates, Angela D. Staples, Kathleen M Rudasill, Dennis L Molfese, Victoria J Molfese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Despite a robust literature examining the association between sleep problems and cognitive abilities in childhood, little is known about this association in toddlerhood, a period of rapid cognitive development. The present study examined the association between various sleep problems, using actigraphy, and performance on a standardized test of cognitive abilities, longitudinally across three ages (30, 36, and 42 months) in a large sample of toddlers (N = 493). Results revealed a between-subject effect in which the children who had more delayed sleep schedules on average also showed poorer cognitive abilities on average but did not support a within-subjects effect. Results also showed that delayed sleep explains part of the association between family socioeconomic context and child cognitive abilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1718-1737
Number of pages20
JournalChild development
Volume90
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019

Fingerprint

Aptitude
cognitive ability
sleep
Sleep
childhood
Actigraphy
cognitive development
Appointments and Schedules
performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Child Sleep and Socioeconomic Context in the Development of Cognitive Abilities in Early Childhood. / Hoyniak, Caroline P.; Bates, John E.; Staples, Angela D.; Rudasill, Kathleen M; Molfese, Dennis L; Molfese, Victoria J.

In: Child development, Vol. 90, No. 5, 01.09.2019, p. 1718-1737.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{93bbcb15242e4c33b8fda738cb56d105,
title = "Child Sleep and Socioeconomic Context in the Development of Cognitive Abilities in Early Childhood",
abstract = "Despite a robust literature examining the association between sleep problems and cognitive abilities in childhood, little is known about this association in toddlerhood, a period of rapid cognitive development. The present study examined the association between various sleep problems, using actigraphy, and performance on a standardized test of cognitive abilities, longitudinally across three ages (30, 36, and 42 months) in a large sample of toddlers (N = 493). Results revealed a between-subject effect in which the children who had more delayed sleep schedules on average also showed poorer cognitive abilities on average but did not support a within-subjects effect. Results also showed that delayed sleep explains part of the association between family socioeconomic context and child cognitive abilities.",
author = "Hoyniak, {Caroline P.} and Bates, {John E.} and Staples, {Angela D.} and Rudasill, {Kathleen M} and Molfese, {Dennis L} and Molfese, {Victoria J}",
year = "2019",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/cdev.13042",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "90",
pages = "1718--1737",
journal = "Child Development",
issn = "0009-3920",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Child Sleep and Socioeconomic Context in the Development of Cognitive Abilities in Early Childhood

AU - Hoyniak, Caroline P.

AU - Bates, John E.

AU - Staples, Angela D.

AU - Rudasill, Kathleen M

AU - Molfese, Dennis L

AU - Molfese, Victoria J

PY - 2019/9/1

Y1 - 2019/9/1

N2 - Despite a robust literature examining the association between sleep problems and cognitive abilities in childhood, little is known about this association in toddlerhood, a period of rapid cognitive development. The present study examined the association between various sleep problems, using actigraphy, and performance on a standardized test of cognitive abilities, longitudinally across three ages (30, 36, and 42 months) in a large sample of toddlers (N = 493). Results revealed a between-subject effect in which the children who had more delayed sleep schedules on average also showed poorer cognitive abilities on average but did not support a within-subjects effect. Results also showed that delayed sleep explains part of the association between family socioeconomic context and child cognitive abilities.

AB - Despite a robust literature examining the association between sleep problems and cognitive abilities in childhood, little is known about this association in toddlerhood, a period of rapid cognitive development. The present study examined the association between various sleep problems, using actigraphy, and performance on a standardized test of cognitive abilities, longitudinally across three ages (30, 36, and 42 months) in a large sample of toddlers (N = 493). Results revealed a between-subject effect in which the children who had more delayed sleep schedules on average also showed poorer cognitive abilities on average but did not support a within-subjects effect. Results also showed that delayed sleep explains part of the association between family socioeconomic context and child cognitive abilities.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85072328296&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85072328296&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/cdev.13042

DO - 10.1111/cdev.13042

M3 - Article

VL - 90

SP - 1718

EP - 1737

JO - Child Development

JF - Child Development

SN - 0009-3920

IS - 5

ER -