Child Sleep and Socioeconomic Context in the Development of Cognitive Abilities in Early Childhood

Caroline P. Hoyniak, John E. Bates, Angela D. Staples, Kathleen M. Rudasill, Dennis L. Molfese, Victoria J. Molfese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


Despite a robust literature examining the association between sleep problems and cognitive abilities in childhood, little is known about this association in toddlerhood, a period of rapid cognitive development. The present study examined the association between various sleep problems, using actigraphy, and performance on a standardized test of cognitive abilities, longitudinally across three ages (30, 36, and 42 months) in a large sample of toddlers (N = 493). Results revealed a between-subject effect in which the children who had more delayed sleep schedules on average also showed poorer cognitive abilities on average but did not support a within-subjects effect. Results also showed that delayed sleep explains part of the association between family socioeconomic context and child cognitive abilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1718-1737
Number of pages20
JournalChild development
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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