Characterization of the infection of Aedes albopictus cell clones by Sindbis virus

Adam R. Karpf, Jennifer M. Blake, Dennis T. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have investigated the infection of Aedes albopictus (mosquito) cell clones by Sindbis virus. Variation in the multiplicity of infection (MOI) from ranges of 50-0.00005 pfu/cell was determined to have no effect on the progression of the infection to high acute phase titer, suggesting that intracellular factors alone are responsible for the restriction of virus production seen as the infection enters the persistent phase. While persistently infected (over 1 year post infection) cell clones are morphologically indistinct from uninfected cells, they do display a uniform 30% reduction in growth rate compared with uninfected cells of the same clone. Using flow cytometry-based DNA. content analysis, we found that persistent Sindbis virus infection induces distinct cytological effects on these cells, including an increase in apoptosis and polyploidy in one clone and cell cycle phase effects in another. Finally, the observation that the number of cells in persistently infected cell cultures which are productively infected closely approximates the number of cells dying by apoptosis prompted us to investigate the role that cell death may play in the maintenance of the persistent infection. Persistently infected cell cultures which were artificially induced into apoptosis by short 45°C heat treatments do not display increased Sindbis virus production. This result does not support the hypothesis that infection sensitivity induced by random apoptosis in persistently infected cell cultures is responsible for the long-term maintenance of the persistent infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalVirus Research
Volume50
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 1997

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Keywords

  • Acute infection
  • Aedes albopictus
  • Apoptosis
  • CPe
  • Cell cycle
  • Persistent infection
  • Sindbis virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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