Characterization of sodium‐dependent amino acid transport activity during liver regeneration

Fred C. Fowler, Robert K. Banks, Mark E. Mailliard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Liver regeneration occurs after removal of or damage to a portion of the liver; it leads to restoration of the original liver mass. The activities of three sodium‐dependent amino acid transporters‐system A, system N and system ASC‐were determined during a 5‐day period of liver regeneration in the rat. Seventy‐percent hepatectomy or laparotomy was performed in pairs of rats; these rats' livers were removed at different time points after surgery. Transport activity was determined through measurement of the Na+‐dependent uptake of tritiated amino acids by isolated hepatic plasma membrane vesicles. System A activity, as measured by the Na+ ‐dependent uptake of 2‐aminoisobutyric acid, is increased in the regenerating liver 2 to 24 hr after surgery compared with that of controls. Kinetic analysis of 2‐(methylamino)isobutyric acid uptake showed a 100% increase in the maximum velocity of system A transport in the hepatectomized animals with no change in the Michaelis constant, suggesting an increase in the number of system A transport proteins in the plasma membrane of regenerating liver. During liver regeneration, no changes were noted in the transport activities of system N and system ASC as measured by the uptake of glutamine and cysteine, respectively, in the presence of 2‐(methylamino)isobutyric acid. Our work suggests that system A performs a unique role in the secondary active transport of its substrate neutral amino acids to meet the metabolic demands of regenerating liver. (HEPATOLOGY 1992;16;1187–1194.)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1187-1194
Number of pages8
JournalHepatology
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1992

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Liver Regeneration
Amino Acids
Liver
Cell Membrane
Neutral Amino Acids
Active Biological Transport
Hepatectomy
Glutamine
Laparotomy
Cysteine
Carrier Proteins
Acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

Cite this

Characterization of sodium‐dependent amino acid transport activity during liver regeneration. / Fowler, Fred C.; Banks, Robert K.; Mailliard, Mark E.

In: Hepatology, Vol. 16, No. 5, 11.1992, p. 1187-1194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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