Characterization of nitrobenzylthioinosine binding to nucleoside transport sites selective for adenosine in rat brain

J. D. Geiger, F. S. LaBella, J. I. Nagy

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Abstract

Nucleoside transport sites in rat brain membrane preparations were labeled with [3H]nitrobenzylthioinosine ([3H]NBI), a potent inhibitor of nucleoside transport systems. The membranes contained a single class of very high affinity binding sites with K(D) and B(max) values of 0.06 nM and 147 fmol/mg of protein, respectively. The displacement of [3H]NBI binding by various nucleosides, adenosine receptor agonists and antagonists, and known nucleoside transport inhibitors was examined. The K(i) values (micromolar concentration) of [3H]NBI displacement by the nucleosides tested were: adenosine, 3.0; inosine, 160; thymidine, 240; uridine, 390; guanosine, 460; and cytidine, 1000. These nucleosides displayed parelled displacement curves indicating their interaction with a common site labeled by [3H]NBI. The nucleobases, hypoxanthine and adenine, exhibited K(i) values of 220 and 3640 μM, respectively. Adenosine receptor agonists exhibited moderate affinities for the [3H]NBI site, whereas the adenosine receptor antagonists, caffeine, theophylline, and enprofylline, were ineffective displacers. The K(i) values for cyclohexyladenosine, (+)- and (-)-phenylisopropyladenosine, 2-chloroadenosine, and adenosine 5'-ethylcarboxamide were 0.8, 0.9, 2.6, 12, and 54 μM, respectively. These affinities and the rank order of potencies indicate that [3H]NBI does not label any known class of adenosine receptors (i.e., A1, A2, and P). The K(i) values of other nucleoside transport inhibitors were; nitrobenzylthioguanosine, 0.05 nM; dipyridamole, 16 nM; papaverine, 3 μM; and 2'-deoxyadenosine, 22 μM. These results indicate that [3H]NBI binds to a nucleoside transporter in brain which specifically recognizes adenosine as its preferred endogenous substrate. This ligand may aid in the identification of CNS neural systems that selectively accumulate adenosine and thereby control 'adenosinergic' function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)735-740
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume5
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1985

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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