Characterization of guinea pig tracheal epithelial cells maintained in biphasic organotypic culture: cellular composition and biochemical analysis of released glycoconjugates.

K. B. Adler, P. W. Cheng, K. C. Kim

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Abstract

An air-liquid interface (biphasic) primary culture system in which guinea pig tracheal epithelial cells maintain morphologic characteristics of differentiated epithelium has been developed in this laboratory. In this report, we compared quantitatively cell populations of 8-day cultures to those of epithelial mucosa in intact trachea. In addition, high molecular weight glycoconjugates released by the cultured cells were isolated and characterized. Quantitative morphometric analysis revealed similar volume densities of ciliated, secretory, basal, and "other" cells in cultures and in intact tracheal surface epithelium, although the cultures tended to have smaller cells and contained fewer basal cells. High molecular weight glycoconjugates released apically by cell cultures and excluded from Sepharose CL-4B columns contained approximately 5% hyaluronic acid but undetectable amounts of other proteoglycans, such as chondroitin sulfate, heparan sulfate, and dermatan sulfate. The hyaluronidase-resistant glycoconjugates exhibited a peak buoyant density at 1.49 g/ml on cesium chloride density gradient centrifugation and were shown to contain mucin-type carbohydrate to peptide linkages (i.e., GalNAc to ser/thr) and an amino acid composition typical of respiratory mucins. The results indicate that this organotypic cell culture system mimics quite closely morphology of mucosal epithelium in intact airways and that the cells release high molecular weight glycoconjugates with biochemical properties of mucin-type glycoproteins. Thus, this in vitro system appears well-suited for studies of mucin secretion and other functions of respiratory epithelial cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-154
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1990

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Glycoconjugates
Mucins
Guinea Pigs
Epithelial Cells
Cell culture
Epithelium
Cell Culture Techniques
Molecular Weight
Molecular weight
Cells
Chemical analysis
Dermatan Sulfate
Hyaluronoglucosaminidase
Heparitin Sulfate
Density Gradient Centrifugation
Centrifugation
Chondroitin Sulfates
Proteoglycans
Hyaluronic Acid
Trachea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "An air-liquid interface (biphasic) primary culture system in which guinea pig tracheal epithelial cells maintain morphologic characteristics of differentiated epithelium has been developed in this laboratory. In this report, we compared quantitatively cell populations of 8-day cultures to those of epithelial mucosa in intact trachea. In addition, high molecular weight glycoconjugates released by the cultured cells were isolated and characterized. Quantitative morphometric analysis revealed similar volume densities of ciliated, secretory, basal, and {"}other{"} cells in cultures and in intact tracheal surface epithelium, although the cultures tended to have smaller cells and contained fewer basal cells. High molecular weight glycoconjugates released apically by cell cultures and excluded from Sepharose CL-4B columns contained approximately 5{\%} hyaluronic acid but undetectable amounts of other proteoglycans, such as chondroitin sulfate, heparan sulfate, and dermatan sulfate. The hyaluronidase-resistant glycoconjugates exhibited a peak buoyant density at 1.49 g/ml on cesium chloride density gradient centrifugation and were shown to contain mucin-type carbohydrate to peptide linkages (i.e., GalNAc to ser/thr) and an amino acid composition typical of respiratory mucins. The results indicate that this organotypic cell culture system mimics quite closely morphology of mucosal epithelium in intact airways and that the cells release high molecular weight glycoconjugates with biochemical properties of mucin-type glycoproteins. Thus, this in vitro system appears well-suited for studies of mucin secretion and other functions of respiratory epithelial cells.",
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