Characterization of a human herpes virus-6 (HHV-6) and epstein-barr virus (EBV) associated leukemic cell line, J6-1

Wu Kefu, Janos Luka, Shantaram S Joshi, Samuel Jay Pirruccello, A. Masih, John G Sharp

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Abstract

This report characterizes the J6-1 cell line derived from a Chinese acute myelomonocytic leukemia patient and previoulsy reported to be associated with EBV. These studies showed that J6-1 cells were also infected with HHV-6 as demonstrate at the DNA level by PCR and Southern blot hybridization and by expression of HHV-6 early membrane antigen on the J6-1 cell surface. Further characterization showed J6-1 was co-infected with EBV type 2. Generally, cells infected with EBV type 2 do not grow well in vitro, However, J6-1, although difficult to maintain in vitro, has been growth for 15 years. Possibly, co-infection with HHV-6 confers this property. In this regard, J6-1 cells exhibited density dependent growth which could be inhibited with an anti-HHV-6-MA monoclonal antibody (MAb). In contrast, anti-HHV-6-VCA MAb stimulate the J6-1 cell proliferation. Electron microscopic analysis showed that, morphologically, there were two types of J6-1 cell, one with lymphoblastoid features and one with a monocytoid appearance. Accordingly, the flow profile of the J6-1 cell line showed heterogeneity with two populations comprised of CD15-, CD19+cells with low light scatter (small cells) and a population with greater light scatter (larger cells) which was CD15+, CD19+, The population was negative for progenitor cell markers (CD33, 34), and T cell markers. Southern analysis showed no T cell receptor rearrangement, however there was a clonal JH and kappa light chain expressing population. Glycocytochemical analysis showed several endogenous lectin receptors on the J6-1 cell surface: BSA-Xylose, BSA-Rhamnose, BSA-Gal, BSA-Lac. This cell line shares many characteristics with other monocytic/lymphoblastoid cell lines isolated elsewhere and provides circumstantial evidence linking Herpes viruses, as least as co-factors, to leukemia cell growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-168
Number of pages12
JournalChinese Journal of Cancer Research
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1994

Fingerprint

Human Herpesvirus 4
Viruses
Cell Line
Light
Population
Growth
Monoclonal Antibodies
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute
Mitogen Receptors
Rhamnose
Xylose
T-Cell Antigen Receptor
Southern Blotting
Coinfection
Leukemia
Stem Cells
Cell Count
Cell Proliferation
Electrons
T-Lymphocytes

Keywords

  • Epstein-barr virus (EBV)
  • Human herpes virus-6 (HHV-6)
  • Leukemic cell line

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

@article{8a6441af6ea84f0b99c86b32c8f686df,
title = "Characterization of a human herpes virus-6 (HHV-6) and epstein-barr virus (EBV) associated leukemic cell line, J6-1",
abstract = "This report characterizes the J6-1 cell line derived from a Chinese acute myelomonocytic leukemia patient and previoulsy reported to be associated with EBV. These studies showed that J6-1 cells were also infected with HHV-6 as demonstrate at the DNA level by PCR and Southern blot hybridization and by expression of HHV-6 early membrane antigen on the J6-1 cell surface. Further characterization showed J6-1 was co-infected with EBV type 2. Generally, cells infected with EBV type 2 do not grow well in vitro, However, J6-1, although difficult to maintain in vitro, has been growth for 15 years. Possibly, co-infection with HHV-6 confers this property. In this regard, J6-1 cells exhibited density dependent growth which could be inhibited with an anti-HHV-6-MA monoclonal antibody (MAb). In contrast, anti-HHV-6-VCA MAb stimulate the J6-1 cell proliferation. Electron microscopic analysis showed that, morphologically, there were two types of J6-1 cell, one with lymphoblastoid features and one with a monocytoid appearance. Accordingly, the flow profile of the J6-1 cell line showed heterogeneity with two populations comprised of CD15-, CD19+cells with low light scatter (small cells) and a population with greater light scatter (larger cells) which was CD15+, CD19+, The population was negative for progenitor cell markers (CD33, 34), and T cell markers. Southern analysis showed no T cell receptor rearrangement, however there was a clonal JH and kappa light chain expressing population. Glycocytochemical analysis showed several endogenous lectin receptors on the J6-1 cell surface: BSA-Xylose, BSA-Rhamnose, BSA-Gal, BSA-Lac. This cell line shares many characteristics with other monocytic/lymphoblastoid cell lines isolated elsewhere and provides circumstantial evidence linking Herpes viruses, as least as co-factors, to leukemia cell growth.",
keywords = "Epstein-barr virus (EBV), Human herpes virus-6 (HHV-6), Leukemic cell line",
author = "Wu Kefu and Janos Luka and Joshi, {Shantaram S} and Pirruccello, {Samuel Jay} and A. Masih and Sharp, {John G}",
year = "1994",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/BF02672267",
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pages = "157--168",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization of a human herpes virus-6 (HHV-6) and epstein-barr virus (EBV) associated leukemic cell line, J6-1

AU - Kefu, Wu

AU - Luka, Janos

AU - Joshi, Shantaram S

AU - Pirruccello, Samuel Jay

AU - Masih, A.

AU - Sharp, John G

PY - 1994/9/1

Y1 - 1994/9/1

N2 - This report characterizes the J6-1 cell line derived from a Chinese acute myelomonocytic leukemia patient and previoulsy reported to be associated with EBV. These studies showed that J6-1 cells were also infected with HHV-6 as demonstrate at the DNA level by PCR and Southern blot hybridization and by expression of HHV-6 early membrane antigen on the J6-1 cell surface. Further characterization showed J6-1 was co-infected with EBV type 2. Generally, cells infected with EBV type 2 do not grow well in vitro, However, J6-1, although difficult to maintain in vitro, has been growth for 15 years. Possibly, co-infection with HHV-6 confers this property. In this regard, J6-1 cells exhibited density dependent growth which could be inhibited with an anti-HHV-6-MA monoclonal antibody (MAb). In contrast, anti-HHV-6-VCA MAb stimulate the J6-1 cell proliferation. Electron microscopic analysis showed that, morphologically, there were two types of J6-1 cell, one with lymphoblastoid features and one with a monocytoid appearance. Accordingly, the flow profile of the J6-1 cell line showed heterogeneity with two populations comprised of CD15-, CD19+cells with low light scatter (small cells) and a population with greater light scatter (larger cells) which was CD15+, CD19+, The population was negative for progenitor cell markers (CD33, 34), and T cell markers. Southern analysis showed no T cell receptor rearrangement, however there was a clonal JH and kappa light chain expressing population. Glycocytochemical analysis showed several endogenous lectin receptors on the J6-1 cell surface: BSA-Xylose, BSA-Rhamnose, BSA-Gal, BSA-Lac. This cell line shares many characteristics with other monocytic/lymphoblastoid cell lines isolated elsewhere and provides circumstantial evidence linking Herpes viruses, as least as co-factors, to leukemia cell growth.

AB - This report characterizes the J6-1 cell line derived from a Chinese acute myelomonocytic leukemia patient and previoulsy reported to be associated with EBV. These studies showed that J6-1 cells were also infected with HHV-6 as demonstrate at the DNA level by PCR and Southern blot hybridization and by expression of HHV-6 early membrane antigen on the J6-1 cell surface. Further characterization showed J6-1 was co-infected with EBV type 2. Generally, cells infected with EBV type 2 do not grow well in vitro, However, J6-1, although difficult to maintain in vitro, has been growth for 15 years. Possibly, co-infection with HHV-6 confers this property. In this regard, J6-1 cells exhibited density dependent growth which could be inhibited with an anti-HHV-6-MA monoclonal antibody (MAb). In contrast, anti-HHV-6-VCA MAb stimulate the J6-1 cell proliferation. Electron microscopic analysis showed that, morphologically, there were two types of J6-1 cell, one with lymphoblastoid features and one with a monocytoid appearance. Accordingly, the flow profile of the J6-1 cell line showed heterogeneity with two populations comprised of CD15-, CD19+cells with low light scatter (small cells) and a population with greater light scatter (larger cells) which was CD15+, CD19+, The population was negative for progenitor cell markers (CD33, 34), and T cell markers. Southern analysis showed no T cell receptor rearrangement, however there was a clonal JH and kappa light chain expressing population. Glycocytochemical analysis showed several endogenous lectin receptors on the J6-1 cell surface: BSA-Xylose, BSA-Rhamnose, BSA-Gal, BSA-Lac. This cell line shares many characteristics with other monocytic/lymphoblastoid cell lines isolated elsewhere and provides circumstantial evidence linking Herpes viruses, as least as co-factors, to leukemia cell growth.

KW - Epstein-barr virus (EBV)

KW - Human herpes virus-6 (HHV-6)

KW - Leukemic cell line

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