Characterization and reactivity of monoclonal antibodies to the Miller strain of transmissible gastroenteritis virus of swine.

X. L. Zhu, P. S. Paul, E. Vaughn, A. Morales

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Abstract

Hybridomas secreting monoclonal (MAB) to transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) were produced by fusion of SP2/0 myeloma cells and splenic lymphocytes of BALB/c mice immunized with the virulent cell-passaged Miller strain of TGEV. The MAB secreted by these hybridomas were partially characterized; 4 of them (MA4, MA5, MH11, MB2) had high-neutralization titer for TGEV. The remaining 7 (MC6, MD9, ME5, MG5, MF2, ME9, MG7) did not neutralize TGEV at 1:25 dilution. All 4 neutralizing and 2 of the nonneutralizing MAB reacted with the E2 protein of TGEV in a radioimmunoprecipitation assay. The remaining 5 MAB reacted with the E1 protein of TGEV. Reactivity of the MAB was tested in an indirect immunofluorescent assay with 3 cell culture-adapted strains of TGEV (Miller, Purdue, and Illinois) and 13 wild-type isolates of TGEV. Neutralizing MAB reacted with all 13 wild-type isolates and the 3 cell culture-adapted strains of TGEV. In contrast, nonneutralizing MAB that reacted with the Miller strain of TGEV varied in their reactivity with the wild-type TGEV isolates. Reactivity of neutralizing MAB was also tested, using plaque-reduction neutralization assays with Miller, Purdue, and Illinois strains and 5 wild-type isolates. All 4 neutralizing MAB neutralized the 8 virus isolates, but the neutralization titer was higher with the homologous virus than with the heterologous virus isolates. However, neutralization titers of the 4 neutralizing MAB were 4 to 16 times higher for the homologous Miller strain of TGEV than for the heterologous Illinois and Purdue strains, and were 4 to 1,000 times higher than for the wild-type isolates.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-238
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Volume51
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 1990

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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