Changes in leisure time physical activity preferences and hypertension risk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: In this study, we examined the association between changes in leisure time physical activity (LTPA) preference (the extent to which participants liked or disliked certain types of physical activity) and the incidence of hypertension; we also assessed whether the association differed between urban and rural China. Methods: Based on longitudinal data from 2687 Chinese adults between 2004 and 2011, we performed multivariate logistic regressions were to assess the aforementioned association. We conducted stratified analyses to examine the urban-rural differences in this association. Results: The mean age was 40.0 (Standard Deviation = 12.5), and the mean BMI was 23.7 (Standard Deviation = 3.3). Adjusted estimates show that relative to respondents with no changes in LTPA preference, respondents who reduced preference were more likely to develop hypertension (OR = 1.92, 95% CI = 1.13-3.28). This association, however, was statistically significant among urban residents (OR = 2.19, 95% CI = 1.04-4.60), but not rural participants. Conclusions: Changes in LTPA preference and development of hypertension were significantly correlated, especially among urban Chinese. Hypertension prevention programs may identify the groups at elevated risk by examining levels and changes of LTPA preferences.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages145-157
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

leisure time
Leisure Activities
hypertension
Exercise
Hypertension
China
incidence
Logistic Models
logistics
resident
regression
Incidence
Group
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • China Health and Nutrition Survey
  • Hypertension
  • Physical activity preference
  • Rural health
  • Urban health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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title = "Changes in leisure time physical activity preferences and hypertension risk",
abstract = "Objectives: In this study, we examined the association between changes in leisure time physical activity (LTPA) preference (the extent to which participants liked or disliked certain types of physical activity) and the incidence of hypertension; we also assessed whether the association differed between urban and rural China. Methods: Based on longitudinal data from 2687 Chinese adults between 2004 and 2011, we performed multivariate logistic regressions were to assess the aforementioned association. We conducted stratified analyses to examine the urban-rural differences in this association. Results: The mean age was 40.0 (Standard Deviation = 12.5), and the mean BMI was 23.7 (Standard Deviation = 3.3). Adjusted estimates show that relative to respondents with no changes in LTPA preference, respondents who reduced preference were more likely to develop hypertension (OR = 1.92, 95{\%} CI = 1.13-3.28). This association, however, was statistically significant among urban residents (OR = 2.19, 95{\%} CI = 1.04-4.60), but not rural participants. Conclusions: Changes in LTPA preference and development of hypertension were significantly correlated, especially among urban Chinese. Hypertension prevention programs may identify the groups at elevated risk by examining levels and changes of LTPA preferences.",
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