Change blindness, aging, and cognition

Matthew Rizzo, Jondavid Sparks, Sean McEvoy, Sarah Viamonte, Ida Kellison, Shaun P. Vecera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Change blindness (CB), the inability to detect changes in visual scenes, may increase with age and early Alzheimer's disease (AD). To test this hypothesis, participants were asked to localize changes in natural scenes. Dependent measures were response time (RT), hit rate, false positives (FP), and true sensitivity (d'). Increased age correlated with increased sensitivity and RT; AD predicted even slower RT. Accuracy and RT were negatively correlated. Differences in FP were nonsignificant. CB correlated with impaired attention, working memory, and executive function. Advanced age and AD were associated with increased CB, perhaps due to declining memory and attention. CB could affect real-world tasks, like automobile driving.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-256
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 5 2009

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Blindness
Cognition
Reaction Time
Alzheimer Disease
Automobile Driving
Executive Function
Short-Term Memory

Keywords

  • Automobile driving
  • Change detection
  • Cognitive aging
  • Inattentional blindness
  • Natural scenes
  • Visual search
  • Working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Rizzo, M., Sparks, J., McEvoy, S., Viamonte, S., Kellison, I., & Vecera, S. P. (2009). Change blindness, aging, and cognition. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 31(2), 245-256. https://doi.org/10.1080/13803390802279668

Change blindness, aging, and cognition. / Rizzo, Matthew; Sparks, Jondavid; McEvoy, Sean; Viamonte, Sarah; Kellison, Ida; Vecera, Shaun P.

In: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, Vol. 31, No. 2, 05.05.2009, p. 245-256.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rizzo, M, Sparks, J, McEvoy, S, Viamonte, S, Kellison, I & Vecera, SP 2009, 'Change blindness, aging, and cognition', Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 245-256. https://doi.org/10.1080/13803390802279668
Rizzo, Matthew ; Sparks, Jondavid ; McEvoy, Sean ; Viamonte, Sarah ; Kellison, Ida ; Vecera, Shaun P. / Change blindness, aging, and cognition. In: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology. 2009 ; Vol. 31, No. 2. pp. 245-256.
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