Cervical tuberculosis: A decision tree for protecting healthcare workers

Daniel S. Roberts, Jayme R. Dowdall, Leslie Winter, Carol A. Sulis, Gregory A. Grillone, Kenneth M. Grundfast

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives/Hypothesis: The clinical presentation of cervical tuberculosis (TB) is a unique challenge to the otolaryngologist. To minimize the risk of nosocomial transmission, otolaryngologists must suspect the diagnosis and be familiar with recommendations for TB prevention. Study Design: Scientific review. Methods: We review current literature and recent changes in TB prevention strategies including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention "Guidelines for Preventing the Transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Health-Care Settings, 2005." Results: Nosocomial transmission may occur from either unrecognized pulmonary disease or from aerosolization of tubercle bacilli during diagnostic procedures. History of prior TB infection, residence in a country where TB is endemic, close contact with a TB patient, or positive tuberculin skin test should raise suspicion of cervical TB. Physical examination findings may include painless, unilateral cervical lymphadenopathy. Children and human immunodeficiency virus infected patients present unique challenges, as these groups may have atypical presentations. When cervical TB is suspected, the provider should always screen for pulmonary and laryngeal disease. Fine needle aspiration with polymerase chain reaction or culture may accurately identify cervical TB. In rare cases, excisional biopsy may be required. Conclusions: To facilitate interpretation and rapid diagnosis while minimizing risk to health care providers, we provide a decision tree based on new federal guidelines and the clinical experience of a team of infectious disease specialists and otolaryngologists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1345-1349
Number of pages5
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume118
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2008

Fingerprint

Decision Trees
Tuberculosis
Delivery of Health Care
Lung Diseases
Laryngeal Diseases
Guidelines
Tuberculin Test
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Fine Needle Biopsy
Skin Tests
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Health Personnel
Bacillus
Physical Examination
Communicable Diseases
HIV
Biopsy
Polymerase Chain Reaction

Keywords

  • Cervical tuberculosis
  • Extrapulmonary tuberculosis
  • Nosocomial transmission
  • Tuberculous lymphadenitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Roberts, D. S., Dowdall, J. R., Winter, L., Sulis, C. A., Grillone, G. A., & Grundfast, K. M. (2008). Cervical tuberculosis: A decision tree for protecting healthcare workers. Laryngoscope, 118(8), 1345-1349. https://doi.org/10.1097/MLG.0b013e3181770940

Cervical tuberculosis : A decision tree for protecting healthcare workers. / Roberts, Daniel S.; Dowdall, Jayme R.; Winter, Leslie; Sulis, Carol A.; Grillone, Gregory A.; Grundfast, Kenneth M.

In: Laryngoscope, Vol. 118, No. 8, 01.08.2008, p. 1345-1349.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Roberts, DS, Dowdall, JR, Winter, L, Sulis, CA, Grillone, GA & Grundfast, KM 2008, 'Cervical tuberculosis: A decision tree for protecting healthcare workers', Laryngoscope, vol. 118, no. 8, pp. 1345-1349. https://doi.org/10.1097/MLG.0b013e3181770940
Roberts, Daniel S. ; Dowdall, Jayme R. ; Winter, Leslie ; Sulis, Carol A. ; Grillone, Gregory A. ; Grundfast, Kenneth M. / Cervical tuberculosis : A decision tree for protecting healthcare workers. In: Laryngoscope. 2008 ; Vol. 118, No. 8. pp. 1345-1349.
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