Cervical lymphadenitis

Etiology, diagnosis, and management

Alexander K.C. Leung, Herbert Dele Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cervical lymphadenopathy is a common problem in children. The condition most commonly represents a transient response to a benign local or generalized infection. Acute bilateral cervical lymphadenitis is usually caused by a viral upper respiratory tract infection or streptococcal pharyngitis. Acute unilateral cervical lymphadenitis is caused by streptococcal or staphylococcal infection in 40% to 80% of cases. Common causes of subacute or chronic lymphadenitis include cat-scratch disease and mycobacterial infection. Generalized lymphadenopathy is often caused by a viral infection, and less frequently by malignancies, collagen vascular diseases, and medications. Laboratory tests are not necessary in most children with cervical lymphadenopathy. Most cases of cervical lymphadenitis are self-limited and require no treatment. The treatment of acute bacterial cervical lymphadenitis without a known primary source should provide adequate coverage for both Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-189
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Infectious Disease Reports
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2009

Fingerprint

Lymphadenitis
Cat-Scratch Disease
Staphylococcal Infections
Collagen Diseases
Streptococcal Infections
Pharyngitis
Streptococcus pyogenes
Virus Diseases
Infection
Vascular Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Staphylococcus aureus
Therapeutics
Lymphadenopathy
Neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Cervical lymphadenitis : Etiology, diagnosis, and management. / Leung, Alexander K.C.; Davies, Herbert Dele.

In: Current Infectious Disease Reports, Vol. 11, No. 3, 01.05.2009, p. 183-189.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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