Central blood volume and blood pressure in conscious primates

Kurtis G Cornish, J. P. Gilmore, T. McCulloch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Conscious intact (I) and sinoaortic-denervated monkeys (SAD) were studied to determine the extent to which high-pressure receptors contribute to the maintenance of arterial blood pressure (BP) when venous return is decreased by hemorrhage (H) or lower body negative pressure (LBNP). In the I animals, mean BP did not decrease significantly until 5% of the estimated blood volume (EBV) was removed, whereas, with sinoaortic denervation, mean BP decreased significantly when <2% of EBV was removed. Left atrial pressure (LAP) decreased similarly in both groups of animals. In the I group during LBNP, mean BP did not change significantly, whereas pulse pressure decreased significantly when LBNP was decreased to -5 cmH2O. In the SAD animals, mean BP decreased significantly at an LBNP of -2 cmH2O, and at -5 cmH2O mean BP declined from 134.1 ± 4 to 102.7 ± 7 mmHg. LAP decreased similarly in both groups of animals. The data support the view that a nonhypotensive reduction in venous return unloads arterial baroreceptors sufficiently to activate the arterial baroreflex, probably through reductions in pulse pressure. In addition, low-pressure receptors by themselves do not appear to contribute importantly to blood pressure maintenance when venous return is decreased by either LBNP or a nonhypotensive hemorrhage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume254
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

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Blood Volume
Primates
Lower Body Negative Pressure
Blood Pressure
Atrial Pressure
Haplorhini
Maintenance
Hemorrhage
Pressure
Pressoreceptors
Baroreflex
Denervation
Arterial Pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

Central blood volume and blood pressure in conscious primates. / Cornish, Kurtis G; Gilmore, J. P.; McCulloch, T.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, Vol. 254, No. 4, 01.01.1988.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cornish, Kurtis G ; Gilmore, J. P. ; McCulloch, T. / Central blood volume and blood pressure in conscious primates. In: American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology. 1988 ; Vol. 254, No. 4.
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