We evaluated the prognostic significance of CD43 (SPN), a membrane glycoprotein, in 140 patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) by tissue microarray (TMA) immunostaining, and gene expression profiling (GEP) in 43 patients. CD43 protein was expressed in 19% of the cases and was strongly related to the non-germinal centre B-cell (non-GCB) subgroup by both TMA and GEP. Patients with CD43(+) DLBCL had an inferior 3-year overall survival (OS) compared to those with CD43(-) DLBCL (50% vs. 76%, P = 0·01). Within the non-GCB subgroup, patients with CD43(+) DLBCL had a particularly poor 3-year OS (32% vs. 71%, P < 0·001). Gene set enrichment analysis within the activated B-cell subgroup revealed significant enrichment in the stromal-1 signature in CD43(-) cases. We conclude that CD43 is an adverse prognostic marker in DLBCL, and is preferentially expressed in the non-GCB subgroup. The dismal outcome of CD43(+) cases in the non-GCB subgroup may be explained, at least in part, by a less favourable microenvironment.
- CD43 (SPN)
- Cell of origin
- Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
- Prognostic marker
ASJC Scopus subject areas