Case report

Whiplash-associated disorder from a low-velocity bumper car collision: History, evaluation, and surgery

Michael F. Duffy, Wayne Allan Stuberg, Stacey DeJong, Kurt V. Gold, N. Ake Nystrom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study Design. Case report of a patient with a whiplash-associated disorder following a bumper car collision. Imaging studies failed to provide an anatomic explanation for the debilitating symptoms. Objectives. To report a chronic, debilitating pain syndrome after a low-velocity bumper car collision while using complex range-of-motion data for the diagnosis, prognosis, and surgical indication in whiplash-associated disorder. Summary of Background Data. The controversy of whiplash-associated disorder mainly concerns pathophysiology and collision dynamics. Although many investigations attempt to define a universal lesion or determine a threshold of force that may cause permanent injury, no consensus has been reached. Methods. Eight years after a low-velocity collision, the patient underwent surgical excision of multiple painful trigger points in the posterior neck. Computerized motion analysis was used for pre- and postoperative evaluations. Results. Surgical treatment resulted in an increase in total active range of motion by 20%, reduced intake of pain medication, doubled the number of work hours, and generally led to a dramatic improvement in quality of life. Conclusions. This case of whiplash-associated disorder after a low-velocity collision highlights the difficulty in defining threshold of injury in regard to velocity. It also illustrates the value of computerized motion analysis in confirming the diagnosis of whiplash-associated disorder and in the evaluation of prognosis and treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1881-1884
Number of pages4
JournalSpine
Volume29
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004

Fingerprint

Articular Range of Motion
History
Trigger Points
Wounds and Injuries
Chronic Pain
Consensus
Neck
Quality of Life
Pain
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Computerized motion analysis
  • Headache
  • Neck pain
  • Soft tissue injury
  • Whiplash injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Case report : Whiplash-associated disorder from a low-velocity bumper car collision: History, evaluation, and surgery. / Duffy, Michael F.; Stuberg, Wayne Allan; DeJong, Stacey; Gold, Kurt V.; Nystrom, N. Ake.

In: Spine, Vol. 29, No. 17, 01.09.2004, p. 1881-1884.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Duffy, Michael F. ; Stuberg, Wayne Allan ; DeJong, Stacey ; Gold, Kurt V. ; Nystrom, N. Ake. / Case report : Whiplash-associated disorder from a low-velocity bumper car collision: History, evaluation, and surgery. In: Spine. 2004 ; Vol. 29, No. 17. pp. 1881-1884.
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