Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Young Adults: A Literature Review

Dieu My T Tran, Lani M Zimmerman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This extensive literature review focuses on cardiovascular risk factors in young adults, with an emphasis on hyperlipidemia and hypertension. Multiple studies have confirmed that hyperlipidemia and hypertension during young adulthood are associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) in later decades, and CHD is one type of cardiovascular disease. The primary risk factors identified in the literature that are predictive of CHD are age; gender; race/ethnicity; smoking status; high blood pressure; and elevated lipid levels, especially low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The current guidelines are insufficient to address screening and treatment in young adults with cardiovascular risk factors. Future studies are warranted to confirm the extent of cardiovascular risks in young adults, which can then be targeted to this population for prevention and intervention strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)298-310
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 25 2015

Fingerprint

Coronary Disease
Young Adult
Hypertension
Hyperlipidemias
LDL Cholesterol
Cardiovascular Diseases
Smoking
Guidelines
Lipids
Population
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • cardiovascular risk factors
  • health screening
  • young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Cite this

Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Young Adults : A Literature Review. / Tran, Dieu My T; Zimmerman, Lani M.

In: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, Vol. 30, No. 4, 25.07.2015, p. 298-310.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{e0dece95cfe947bfb6613996f72c4d81,
title = "Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Young Adults: A Literature Review",
abstract = "This extensive literature review focuses on cardiovascular risk factors in young adults, with an emphasis on hyperlipidemia and hypertension. Multiple studies have confirmed that hyperlipidemia and hypertension during young adulthood are associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) in later decades, and CHD is one type of cardiovascular disease. The primary risk factors identified in the literature that are predictive of CHD are age; gender; race/ethnicity; smoking status; high blood pressure; and elevated lipid levels, especially low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The current guidelines are insufficient to address screening and treatment in young adults with cardiovascular risk factors. Future studies are warranted to confirm the extent of cardiovascular risks in young adults, which can then be targeted to this population for prevention and intervention strategies.",
keywords = "cardiovascular risk factors, health screening, young adults",
author = "Tran, {Dieu My T} and Zimmerman, {Lani M}",
year = "2015",
month = "7",
day = "25",
doi = "10.1097/JCN.0000000000000150",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "30",
pages = "298--310",
journal = "Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing",
issn = "0889-4655",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Young Adults

T2 - A Literature Review

AU - Tran, Dieu My T

AU - Zimmerman, Lani M

PY - 2015/7/25

Y1 - 2015/7/25

N2 - This extensive literature review focuses on cardiovascular risk factors in young adults, with an emphasis on hyperlipidemia and hypertension. Multiple studies have confirmed that hyperlipidemia and hypertension during young adulthood are associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) in later decades, and CHD is one type of cardiovascular disease. The primary risk factors identified in the literature that are predictive of CHD are age; gender; race/ethnicity; smoking status; high blood pressure; and elevated lipid levels, especially low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The current guidelines are insufficient to address screening and treatment in young adults with cardiovascular risk factors. Future studies are warranted to confirm the extent of cardiovascular risks in young adults, which can then be targeted to this population for prevention and intervention strategies.

AB - This extensive literature review focuses on cardiovascular risk factors in young adults, with an emphasis on hyperlipidemia and hypertension. Multiple studies have confirmed that hyperlipidemia and hypertension during young adulthood are associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) in later decades, and CHD is one type of cardiovascular disease. The primary risk factors identified in the literature that are predictive of CHD are age; gender; race/ethnicity; smoking status; high blood pressure; and elevated lipid levels, especially low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The current guidelines are insufficient to address screening and treatment in young adults with cardiovascular risk factors. Future studies are warranted to confirm the extent of cardiovascular risks in young adults, which can then be targeted to this population for prevention and intervention strategies.

KW - cardiovascular risk factors

KW - health screening

KW - young adults

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84933278658&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84933278658&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/JCN.0000000000000150

DO - 10.1097/JCN.0000000000000150

M3 - Review article

C2 - 24743652

AN - SCOPUS:84933278658

VL - 30

SP - 298

EP - 310

JO - Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing

JF - Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing

SN - 0889-4655

IS - 4

ER -