Carboplatin/paclitaxel or carboplatin/vinorelbine followed by accelerated hyperfractionated conformal radiation therapy: Report of a prospective phase I dose escalation trial from the Carolina Conformal Therapy Consortium

Lawrence B. Marks, Jennifer Garst, Mark A. Socinski, Gregory Sibley, A. William Blackstock, James E. Herndon, Sumin Zhou, Timothy Shafman, Andrea Tisch, Robert Clough, Xiaoli Yu, Andrew Turrisi, Mitchell Anscher, Jeffrey Crawford, Julian Rosenman

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Abstract

Purpose: To prospectively determine the maximum-tolerated dose of accelerated hyperfractionated conformal radiotherapy (RT; 1.6 Gy bid) for unresectable locally advanced lung cancer (IIB to IIIA/B) following induction carboplatin/paclitaxel (C/T) or carboplatin/vinorelbine (C/N). Methods: Induction chemotherapy, C/T or C/N, was followed by escalating doses of conformally-planned RT (73.6 to 86.4 Gy in 6.4-Gy increments). Concurrent boost methods delivered 1.6 and 1.25 Gy bid to the gross and clinical target volumes, respectively. Results: Between November 1997 and February 2002, 44 patients were enrolled (median age, 59 years; 59% male; stage III, 98%; median tumor size, 4 cm). Thirty-nine patients completed induction chemotherapy: 19 had a partial response, seven progressed, 15 had no response, and three were not assessable. Chemotherapy-associated toxicities were similar in the two chemotherapy groups. The incidence of grade ≥ 3 RT-induced toxicity was 1/13, 2/14, and 4/12 at 73.6, 80, and 86.4 Gy, respectively, thus defining the maximum tolerated dose at =80 Gy. Toxicities were in both lung and esophagus and were similar in the two chemotherapy arms. With a median followup of 34 months in the survivors, the actuarial 2-year survival was 47%, the median survival was 18 months. Fifteen patients had tumor relapse: 5 local failures in the high-dose volume, 2 regional failures outside of the high-dose volume, and 8 distant metastases. Conclusion: High-dose conformal twice-daily radiation therapy to approximately 80 Gy appears tolerable in well-selected patients with unresectable lung cancer following either C/T or C/N. Dose-limiting toxicities are mainly pulmonary and esophageal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4329-4340
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume22
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2004

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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