Carbon and acyl chain flux during stress-induced triglyceride accumulation by stable isotopic labeling of the polar microalga Coccomyxa subellipsoidea C169

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Abstract

Deriving biofuels and other lipoid products from algae is a promising future technology directly addressing global issues of atmosphericCO2 balance.Tobetter understand the metabolism of triglyceride synthesis in algae,weexamined their metabolic origins in the model species, Coccomyxa subellipsoidea C169, using stable isotopic labeling. Labeling patterns arising from [U-13C]glucose, 13CO2, or D2O supplementation were analyzed by GC-MS and/or LC-MSover time courses during nitrogen starvation to address the roles of cataboliccarbonrecycling, acyl chain redistribution,andde novo fatty acid (FA) synthesis during the expansion of the lipid bodies. The metabolic origin of stress-induced triglyceride was found to be a continuous 8:2 ratio between de novo synthesized FA and acyl chain transfer from pre-stressed membrane lipids with little input from lipid remodeling. Membrane lipids were continually synthesized with associated acyl chain editing during nitrogen stress, in contrast to an overall decrease in total membrane lipid. Theincorporation rates of de novo synthesizedFAinto lipid classes were measured over a time course of nitrogen starvation. The synthesis of triglycerides, phospholipids, and galactolipids followed a two-stage pattern where nitrogen starvation resulted in a 2.5-fold increase followed by a gradual decline. Acyl chain flux into membrane lipids was dominant in the first stage followed by triglycerides. These data indicate that the level of metabolic control that determines acyl chain flux between membrane lipids and triglycerides during nitrogen stress relies primarily on the Kennedy pathway and de novo FA synthesis with limited, defined input from acyl editing reactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-374
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume292
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 6 2017

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Membrane Lipids
Labeling
Triglycerides
Nitrogen
Carbon
Fluxes
Starvation
Fatty Acids
Algae
Lipids
Galactolipids
Biofuels
Metabolism
Phospholipids
Technology
Glucose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Carbon and acyl chain flux during stress-induced triglyceride accumulation by stable isotopic labeling of the polar microalga Coccomyxa subellipsoidea C169",
abstract = "Deriving biofuels and other lipoid products from algae is a promising future technology directly addressing global issues of atmosphericCO2 balance.Tobetter understand the metabolism of triglyceride synthesis in algae,weexamined their metabolic origins in the model species, Coccomyxa subellipsoidea C169, using stable isotopic labeling. Labeling patterns arising from [U-13C]glucose, 13CO2, or D2O supplementation were analyzed by GC-MS and/or LC-MSover time courses during nitrogen starvation to address the roles of cataboliccarbonrecycling, acyl chain redistribution,andde novo fatty acid (FA) synthesis during the expansion of the lipid bodies. The metabolic origin of stress-induced triglyceride was found to be a continuous 8:2 ratio between de novo synthesized FA and acyl chain transfer from pre-stressed membrane lipids with little input from lipid remodeling. Membrane lipids were continually synthesized with associated acyl chain editing during nitrogen stress, in contrast to an overall decrease in total membrane lipid. Theincorporation rates of de novo synthesizedFAinto lipid classes were measured over a time course of nitrogen starvation. The synthesis of triglycerides, phospholipids, and galactolipids followed a two-stage pattern where nitrogen starvation resulted in a 2.5-fold increase followed by a gradual decline. Acyl chain flux into membrane lipids was dominant in the first stage followed by triglycerides. These data indicate that the level of metabolic control that determines acyl chain flux between membrane lipids and triglycerides during nitrogen stress relies primarily on the Kennedy pathway and de novo FA synthesis with limited, defined input from acyl editing reactions.",
author = "Allen, {James W.} and DiRusso, {Concetta C} and Black, {Paul N}",
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