Calciuria in symptom-free primigravid women remote from term: Is the response to an oral calcium challenge predictable?

V. R. Suarez, J. M. Miyahira, D. A. Guinn, S. G. Fisher, P. G. Tomich, J. G. Trelles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to compare the calciuric response in symptom-free primigravid women to an oral calcium load between those with normal urinary calcium excretions and those with relatively low urinary calcium excretions. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective clinical trial. Eligible primigravid women between 16 and 20 weeks' gestation provided a 24- hour urine sample for determination of urinary calcium/urinary creatinine ratio. On the basis of these results the patients were divided into 2 groups: a relatively hypocalciuric group, in which the urinary calcium excretion was ≤3.4 mg · kg-1 · 24 h-1, and a normocalciuric group, in which the urinary calcium excretion was >3.4 mg · kg-1 · 24 h-1. All participants undertook a 3-day low calcium dietary regimen. On the fourth day women underwent an oral calcium challenge. A 2-hour urine sample was collected before ingestion of 1 g calcium carbonate (preload). One hour after ingestion the women again collected a 2-hour urine sample (postload). The urinary calcium/urinary creatinine ratios in the preload and postload samples were determined and compared within and between the groups. RESULTS: The mean change (±SD) between the preload and postload urinary calcium/urinary creatinine ratios in the relatively hypocalciuric group was 0.60 ± 1.44 (P = .04); that in the normocalciuric group was 3.09 ± 2.26 (P = .11). There was a 5-fold difference in the response to calcium load between the hypocalciuric women and the normocalciuric women (0.60 vs 3.09), although this difference was not statistically significant (P = .20). CONCLUSIONS: Both hypocalciuric and normocalciuric women responded to an oral calcium challenge by an increase in the calcium excretion. The cause of the hypocalciuria in women at increased risk for preeclampsia is therefore not simply poor absorption of calcium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1419-1421
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume180
Issue number6 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

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Calcium
Creatinine
Urine
Eating
Dietary Calcium
Calcium Carbonate
Pre-Eclampsia
Clinical Trials
Pregnancy

Keywords

  • Calcium metabolism
  • Oral calcium challenge
  • Preeclampsia
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Calciuria in symptom-free primigravid women remote from term : Is the response to an oral calcium challenge predictable? / Suarez, V. R.; Miyahira, J. M.; Guinn, D. A.; Fisher, S. G.; Tomich, P. G.; Trelles, J. G.

In: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 180, No. 6 I, 01.01.1999, p. 1419-1421.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Suarez, V. R. ; Miyahira, J. M. ; Guinn, D. A. ; Fisher, S. G. ; Tomich, P. G. ; Trelles, J. G. / Calciuria in symptom-free primigravid women remote from term : Is the response to an oral calcium challenge predictable?. In: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 1999 ; Vol. 180, No. 6 I. pp. 1419-1421.
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AU - Trelles, J. G.

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AB - OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to compare the calciuric response in symptom-free primigravid women to an oral calcium load between those with normal urinary calcium excretions and those with relatively low urinary calcium excretions. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective clinical trial. Eligible primigravid women between 16 and 20 weeks' gestation provided a 24- hour urine sample for determination of urinary calcium/urinary creatinine ratio. On the basis of these results the patients were divided into 2 groups: a relatively hypocalciuric group, in which the urinary calcium excretion was ≤3.4 mg · kg-1 · 24 h-1, and a normocalciuric group, in which the urinary calcium excretion was >3.4 mg · kg-1 · 24 h-1. All participants undertook a 3-day low calcium dietary regimen. On the fourth day women underwent an oral calcium challenge. A 2-hour urine sample was collected before ingestion of 1 g calcium carbonate (preload). One hour after ingestion the women again collected a 2-hour urine sample (postload). The urinary calcium/urinary creatinine ratios in the preload and postload samples were determined and compared within and between the groups. RESULTS: The mean change (±SD) between the preload and postload urinary calcium/urinary creatinine ratios in the relatively hypocalciuric group was 0.60 ± 1.44 (P = .04); that in the normocalciuric group was 3.09 ± 2.26 (P = .11). There was a 5-fold difference in the response to calcium load between the hypocalciuric women and the normocalciuric women (0.60 vs 3.09), although this difference was not statistically significant (P = .20). CONCLUSIONS: Both hypocalciuric and normocalciuric women responded to an oral calcium challenge by an increase in the calcium excretion. The cause of the hypocalciuria in women at increased risk for preeclampsia is therefore not simply poor absorption of calcium.

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