Bronchoscopy findings in children and young adults with tracheostomy due to congenital anomalies and neurological impairment

Virginia S. Kharasch, Helene M. Dumas, Stephen M. Haley, Gregory S. Sawicki, Larry H. Ludlow, Erika A. Wright, Dwight T. Jones, Jane E. O’Brien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this studywas to examine bronchoscopy findings for children and young adults with long-term tracheostomies due to congenital anomalies and neurological impairment and identify characteristics associated with abnormal bronchoscopic findings. We conducted a retrospective study of 128 bronchoscopy cases (81 children) at a pediatric rehabilitation center. Thirtyeight cases (30%) had normal findings and 14 children (17% of all children) were decannulated following bronchoscopy. Ninety cases (70% of cases) had abnormal findings (e.g. granulomas, airway inflammation, fixed obstruction). An acute indication for bronchoscopy was the strongest predictor of an abnormal finding, while age (younger) and diagnosis (multiple congenital anomalies (MCA)) also were associated with abnormalities. For a subsample of children undergoing bronchoscopy for routine surveillance (n = 90), underlying diagnosis (MCA) was the strongest predictor of an abnormal finding, while younger age contributed slightly. These findings add to the limited literature describing bronchoscopic findings in children and youth with tracheostomies due to congenital anomalies or neurological impairment. These findings may be useful for rehabilitation clinicians in determining care needs for children with long-term tracheostomy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-143
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
Volume1
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

Fingerprint

Tracheostomy
Bronchoscopy
Young Adult
Rehabilitation Centers
Child Care
Granuloma
Rehabilitation
Retrospective Studies
Pediatrics
Inflammation

Keywords

  • Bronchoscopy
  • Children
  • Congenital anomaly
  • Neurological
  • Tracheostomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

Kharasch, V. S., Dumas, H. M., Haley, S. M., Sawicki, G. S., Ludlow, L. H., Wright, E. A., ... O’Brien, J. E. (2008). Bronchoscopy findings in children and young adults with tracheostomy due to congenital anomalies and neurological impairment. Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine, 1(2), 137-143.

Bronchoscopy findings in children and young adults with tracheostomy due to congenital anomalies and neurological impairment. / Kharasch, Virginia S.; Dumas, Helene M.; Haley, Stephen M.; Sawicki, Gregory S.; Ludlow, Larry H.; Wright, Erika A.; Jones, Dwight T.; O’Brien, Jane E.

In: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol. 1, No. 2, 01.01.2008, p. 137-143.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kharasch, VS, Dumas, HM, Haley, SM, Sawicki, GS, Ludlow, LH, Wright, EA, Jones, DT & O’Brien, JE 2008, 'Bronchoscopy findings in children and young adults with tracheostomy due to congenital anomalies and neurological impairment', Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 137-143.
Kharasch, Virginia S. ; Dumas, Helene M. ; Haley, Stephen M. ; Sawicki, Gregory S. ; Ludlow, Larry H. ; Wright, Erika A. ; Jones, Dwight T. ; O’Brien, Jane E. / Bronchoscopy findings in children and young adults with tracheostomy due to congenital anomalies and neurological impairment. In: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine. 2008 ; Vol. 1, No. 2. pp. 137-143.
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