BROAD Hβ EMISSION-LINE VARIABILITY IN A SAMPLE OF 102 LOCAL ACTIVE GALAXIES

Jordan N. Runco, Maren Cosens, Vardha N. Bennert, Bryan Scott, S. Komossa, Matthew A. Malkan, Mariana S. Lazarova, Matthew W. Auger, Tommaso Treu, Daeseong Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A sample of 102 local (0.02 ≤ z ≤ 0.1) Seyfert galaxies with black hole masses MBH > 107M was selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and observed using the Keck 10 m telescope to study the scaling relations between MBH and host galaxy properties. We study profile changes of the broad Hβ emission line within the three to nine year time frame between the two sets of spectra. The variability of the broad Hβ emission line is of particular interest, not only because it is used to estimate MBH, but also because its strength and width are used to classify Seyfert galaxies into different types. At least some form of broad-line variability (in either width or flux) is observed in the majority (∼66%) of the objects, resulting in a Seyfert-type change for ∼38% of the objects, likely driven by variable accretion and/or obscuration. The broad Hβ line virtually disappears in 3/102 (∼3%) extreme cases. We discuss potential causes for these changing look active galactic nuclei. While similar dramatic transitions have previously been reported in the literature, either on a case-by-case basis or in larger samples focusing on quasars at higher redshifts, our study provides statistical information on the frequency of Hβ line variability in a sample of low-redshift Seyfert galaxies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number33
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume821
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2016

Fingerprint

active galaxies
Seyfert galaxies
H lines
accretion
occultation
active galactic nuclei
quasars
telescopes
galaxies
scaling
causes
estimates
profiles
statistical information

Keywords

  • accretion, accretion disks
  • galaxies: Seyfert
  • galaxies: active
  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: statistics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Runco, J. N., Cosens, M., Bennert, V. N., Scott, B., Komossa, S., Malkan, M. A., ... Park, D. (2016). BROAD Hβ EMISSION-LINE VARIABILITY IN A SAMPLE OF 102 LOCAL ACTIVE GALAXIES. Astrophysical Journal, 821(1), [33]. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/821/1/33

BROAD Hβ EMISSION-LINE VARIABILITY IN A SAMPLE OF 102 LOCAL ACTIVE GALAXIES. / Runco, Jordan N.; Cosens, Maren; Bennert, Vardha N.; Scott, Bryan; Komossa, S.; Malkan, Matthew A.; Lazarova, Mariana S.; Auger, Matthew W.; Treu, Tommaso; Park, Daeseong.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 821, No. 1, 33, 10.04.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Runco, JN, Cosens, M, Bennert, VN, Scott, B, Komossa, S, Malkan, MA, Lazarova, MS, Auger, MW, Treu, T & Park, D 2016, 'BROAD Hβ EMISSION-LINE VARIABILITY IN A SAMPLE OF 102 LOCAL ACTIVE GALAXIES', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 821, no. 1, 33. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/821/1/33
Runco JN, Cosens M, Bennert VN, Scott B, Komossa S, Malkan MA et al. BROAD Hβ EMISSION-LINE VARIABILITY IN A SAMPLE OF 102 LOCAL ACTIVE GALAXIES. Astrophysical Journal. 2016 Apr 10;821(1). 33. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/821/1/33
Runco, Jordan N. ; Cosens, Maren ; Bennert, Vardha N. ; Scott, Bryan ; Komossa, S. ; Malkan, Matthew A. ; Lazarova, Mariana S. ; Auger, Matthew W. ; Treu, Tommaso ; Park, Daeseong. / BROAD Hβ EMISSION-LINE VARIABILITY IN A SAMPLE OF 102 LOCAL ACTIVE GALAXIES. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2016 ; Vol. 821, No. 1.
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