19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bradykinin is a multifunctional mediator of inflammation believed to have a role in asthma, a disorder associated with remodeling of extracellular connective tissue. Using contraction of collagen gels as an in vitro model of wound contraction, we assessed the effects of bradykinin tissue on remodeling. Human fetal lung fibroblasts were embedded in type I collagen gels and cultured for 5 days. After release, the floating gels were cultured in the presence of bradykinin. Bradykinin significantly stimulated contraction in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Coincubation with phosphoramidon augmented the effect of 10-9 and 10-8 M bradykinin. A B2 receptor antagonist attenuated the effect of bradykinin, whereas a B1 receptor antagonist had no effect, suggesting that the effect is mediated by the B2 receptor. An inhibitor of intracellular Ca2+ mobilization abolished the response; addition of EGTA to the culture medium attenuated the contraction of control gels but did not modulate the response to bradykinin. In contrast, the phospholipase C inhibitor U-73122 and the protein kinase C inhibitors staurosporine and GF-109203X attenuated the responses. These data suggest that by augmenting the contractility of fibroblasts, bradykinin may have an important role in remodeling of extracellular matrix that may result in tissue dysfunction in chronic inflammatory diseases, such as asthma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L164-L171
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume281
Issue number1 25-1
Publication statusPublished - Oct 16 2001

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Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Fibroblasts
  • Phospholipase C
  • Three-dimensional collagen gels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology

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