Bovine herpesvirus-1 infection reduces bronchial epithelial cell migration to extracellular matrix proteins

J. R. Spurzem, M. Raz, H. Ito, Clayton L Kelling, L. C. Stine, Debra Romberger, S. I. Rennard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Repair of airway epithelium after viral infection involves migration of epithelial cells to cover injured, denuded areas. We determined whether viral infection reduces the capability of bronchial epithelial cells to migrate and to attach to extracellular matrix proteins. Inoculation of bovine bronchial epithelial cells in vitro with bovine herpesvirus-1 reduced their ability to migrate in two different assays of cell migration. When attachment assays were performed, fewer cells attached to both control wells and matrix protein-precoated wells, suggesting that general mechanisms of adherence to substrates were altered by viral infection. Focal contact points of epithelial cells with the underlying matrix were evaluated with epifluorescence microscopy and monoclonal antibodies to vinculin and α(v), an integrin chain. Disruption of focal contact points was seen early after infection and was prevented by an inhibitor of viral DNA polymerase, phosphonoacetic acid. Cycloheximide did not cause similar disruptions of focal contacts at early time points. Viral infection thus has marked effects on the interactions of bronchial epithelial cells with extracellular matrix and the organization of matrix to cytoskeleton links. The effects appear to be dependent in part on viral replication in the cells and are not simply due to reductions in host cell protein synthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L214-L220
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume268
Issue number2 12-2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1995

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology

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