Bleaching of kenaf and cornhusk fibers

Abdus Salam, Narendra Reddy, Yiqi Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Kenaf and cornhusk fibers have been bleached to CIE whiteness indexes of 66 and 74, respectively, without using any optical brighteners. A delignification process prior to bleaching has been used to partially remove the lignin from the fibers without affecting other fiber properties. Bleaching variables such as the concentration of hydrogen peroxide, time, temperature, and pH have been optimized for both the kenaf and cornhusk fibers. The effects of various bleaching parameters on the whiteness index and the breaking tenacity of the fibers have been reported. The whiteness of kenaf fibers reported here is high compared to the whiteness achieved by other bleaching processes developed earlier.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1452-1458
Number of pages7
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 28 2007

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bleaching
Bleaching
Fibers
Kenaf fibers
Delignification
Tenacity
Lignin
Hydrogen peroxide
Hydrogen Peroxide
hydrogen peroxide
lignin
fibre
temperature
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Bleaching of kenaf and cornhusk fibers. / Salam, Abdus; Reddy, Narendra; Yang, Yiqi.

In: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 46, No. 5, 28.02.2007, p. 1452-1458.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Salam, Abdus ; Reddy, Narendra ; Yang, Yiqi. / Bleaching of kenaf and cornhusk fibers. In: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 2007 ; Vol. 46, No. 5. pp. 1452-1458.
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