The wide use of cadmium (Cd) in batteries and semiconductors poses human and environmental health hazards when these materials are disposed. Citrobacter sp. JH 11-2, isolated from soil at an abandoned mining site, shows potential for use as a biosorbent for Cd removal from aqueous solution. A minimal inhibitory concentration of 300 mg L−1indicated high tolerance of the strain to Cd. The strain effectively removed 47.7% of the Cd from a 100 mg L−1 solution within 160 h. Cell fractioning revealed that most of the Cd (43.5%) was in the membrane fraction, while 38.5% was in the peptidoglycan layer and 18.0% was in the cytoplasmic fraction. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) confirmed the presence of functional groups on dried Citrobacter sp. JH 11-2 cells that can adsorb or complex Cd ions. A Langmuir model provided a good fit to Cd removal by the cells, which followed pseudo-second-order kinetics. Results support further development of Citrobacter sp. JH 11-2 as a biosorbent for Cd removal.
- Citrobacter sp
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Filtration and Separation