Biogas Stoves Reduce Firewood Use, Household Air Pollution, and Hospital Visits in Odisha, India

Jessica J. Lewis, John W. Hollingsworth, Ryan T. Chartier, Ellen M. Cooper, William Michael Foster, Genna L. Gomes, Peter S. Kussin, John J. MacInnis, Bijaya K. Padhi, Pinaki Panigrahi, Charles E. Rodes, Ian T. Ryde, Ashok K. Singha, Heather M. Stapleton, Jonathan Thornburg, Cora J. Young, Joel N. Meyer, Subhrendu K. Pattanayak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Traditional cooking using biomass is associated with ill health, local environmental degradation, and regional climate change. Clean stoves (liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), biogas, and electric) are heralded as a solution, but few studies have demonstrated their environmental health benefits in field settings. We analyzed the impact of mainly biogas (as well as electric and LPG) stove use on social, environmental, and health outcomes in two districts in Odisha, India, where the Indian government has promoted household biogas. We established a cross-sectional observational cohort of 105 households that use either traditional mud stoves or improved cookstoves (ICS). Our multidisciplinary team conducted surveys, environmental air sampling, fuel weighing, and health measurements. We examined associations between traditional or improved stove use and primary outcomes, stratifying households by proximity to major industrial plants. ICS use was associated with 91% reduced use of firewood (p < 0.01), substantial time savings for primary cooks, a 72% reduction in PM2.5, a 78% reduction in PAH levels, and significant reductions in water-soluble organic carbon and nitrogen (p < 0.01) in household air samples. ICS use was associated with reduced time in the hospital with acute respiratory infection and reduced diastolic blood pressure but not with other health measurements. We find many significant gains from promoting rural biogas stoves in a context in which traditional stove use persists, although pollution levels in ICS households still remained above WHO guidelines. (Figure Presented).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)560-569
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 3 2017

Fingerprint

Stoves
Biofuels
Air pollution
biogas
atmospheric pollution
Health
liquefied petroleum gas
Liquefied petroleum gas
Gas stoves
Cooking
Blood pressure
Weighing
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Weathering
Organic carbon
Air
air sampling
respiratory disease
Climate change
Industrial plants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Lewis, J. J., Hollingsworth, J. W., Chartier, R. T., Cooper, E. M., Foster, W. M., Gomes, G. L., ... Pattanayak, S. K. (2017). Biogas Stoves Reduce Firewood Use, Household Air Pollution, and Hospital Visits in Odisha, India. Environmental Science and Technology, 51(1), 560-569. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.6b02466

Biogas Stoves Reduce Firewood Use, Household Air Pollution, and Hospital Visits in Odisha, India. / Lewis, Jessica J.; Hollingsworth, John W.; Chartier, Ryan T.; Cooper, Ellen M.; Foster, William Michael; Gomes, Genna L.; Kussin, Peter S.; MacInnis, John J.; Padhi, Bijaya K.; Panigrahi, Pinaki; Rodes, Charles E.; Ryde, Ian T.; Singha, Ashok K.; Stapleton, Heather M.; Thornburg, Jonathan; Young, Cora J.; Meyer, Joel N.; Pattanayak, Subhrendu K.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 51, No. 1, 03.01.2017, p. 560-569.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lewis, JJ, Hollingsworth, JW, Chartier, RT, Cooper, EM, Foster, WM, Gomes, GL, Kussin, PS, MacInnis, JJ, Padhi, BK, Panigrahi, P, Rodes, CE, Ryde, IT, Singha, AK, Stapleton, HM, Thornburg, J, Young, CJ, Meyer, JN & Pattanayak, SK 2017, 'Biogas Stoves Reduce Firewood Use, Household Air Pollution, and Hospital Visits in Odisha, India', Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 560-569. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.6b02466
Lewis, Jessica J. ; Hollingsworth, John W. ; Chartier, Ryan T. ; Cooper, Ellen M. ; Foster, William Michael ; Gomes, Genna L. ; Kussin, Peter S. ; MacInnis, John J. ; Padhi, Bijaya K. ; Panigrahi, Pinaki ; Rodes, Charles E. ; Ryde, Ian T. ; Singha, Ashok K. ; Stapleton, Heather M. ; Thornburg, Jonathan ; Young, Cora J. ; Meyer, Joel N. ; Pattanayak, Subhrendu K. / Biogas Stoves Reduce Firewood Use, Household Air Pollution, and Hospital Visits in Odisha, India. In: Environmental Science and Technology. 2017 ; Vol. 51, No. 1. pp. 560-569.
@article{c71bb94c9bd74cab89ca55286df7e2ac,
title = "Biogas Stoves Reduce Firewood Use, Household Air Pollution, and Hospital Visits in Odisha, India",
abstract = "Traditional cooking using biomass is associated with ill health, local environmental degradation, and regional climate change. Clean stoves (liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), biogas, and electric) are heralded as a solution, but few studies have demonstrated their environmental health benefits in field settings. We analyzed the impact of mainly biogas (as well as electric and LPG) stove use on social, environmental, and health outcomes in two districts in Odisha, India, where the Indian government has promoted household biogas. We established a cross-sectional observational cohort of 105 households that use either traditional mud stoves or improved cookstoves (ICS). Our multidisciplinary team conducted surveys, environmental air sampling, fuel weighing, and health measurements. We examined associations between traditional or improved stove use and primary outcomes, stratifying households by proximity to major industrial plants. ICS use was associated with 91{\%} reduced use of firewood (p < 0.01), substantial time savings for primary cooks, a 72{\%} reduction in PM2.5, a 78{\%} reduction in PAH levels, and significant reductions in water-soluble organic carbon and nitrogen (p < 0.01) in household air samples. ICS use was associated with reduced time in the hospital with acute respiratory infection and reduced diastolic blood pressure but not with other health measurements. We find many significant gains from promoting rural biogas stoves in a context in which traditional stove use persists, although pollution levels in ICS households still remained above WHO guidelines. (Figure Presented).",
author = "Lewis, {Jessica J.} and Hollingsworth, {John W.} and Chartier, {Ryan T.} and Cooper, {Ellen M.} and Foster, {William Michael} and Gomes, {Genna L.} and Kussin, {Peter S.} and MacInnis, {John J.} and Padhi, {Bijaya K.} and Pinaki Panigrahi and Rodes, {Charles E.} and Ryde, {Ian T.} and Singha, {Ashok K.} and Stapleton, {Heather M.} and Jonathan Thornburg and Young, {Cora J.} and Meyer, {Joel N.} and Pattanayak, {Subhrendu K.}",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1021/acs.est.6b02466",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "51",
pages = "560--569",
journal = "Environmental Science & Technology",
issn = "0013-936X",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biogas Stoves Reduce Firewood Use, Household Air Pollution, and Hospital Visits in Odisha, India

AU - Lewis, Jessica J.

AU - Hollingsworth, John W.

AU - Chartier, Ryan T.

AU - Cooper, Ellen M.

AU - Foster, William Michael

AU - Gomes, Genna L.

AU - Kussin, Peter S.

AU - MacInnis, John J.

AU - Padhi, Bijaya K.

AU - Panigrahi, Pinaki

AU - Rodes, Charles E.

AU - Ryde, Ian T.

AU - Singha, Ashok K.

AU - Stapleton, Heather M.

AU - Thornburg, Jonathan

AU - Young, Cora J.

AU - Meyer, Joel N.

AU - Pattanayak, Subhrendu K.

PY - 2017/1/3

Y1 - 2017/1/3

N2 - Traditional cooking using biomass is associated with ill health, local environmental degradation, and regional climate change. Clean stoves (liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), biogas, and electric) are heralded as a solution, but few studies have demonstrated their environmental health benefits in field settings. We analyzed the impact of mainly biogas (as well as electric and LPG) stove use on social, environmental, and health outcomes in two districts in Odisha, India, where the Indian government has promoted household biogas. We established a cross-sectional observational cohort of 105 households that use either traditional mud stoves or improved cookstoves (ICS). Our multidisciplinary team conducted surveys, environmental air sampling, fuel weighing, and health measurements. We examined associations between traditional or improved stove use and primary outcomes, stratifying households by proximity to major industrial plants. ICS use was associated with 91% reduced use of firewood (p < 0.01), substantial time savings for primary cooks, a 72% reduction in PM2.5, a 78% reduction in PAH levels, and significant reductions in water-soluble organic carbon and nitrogen (p < 0.01) in household air samples. ICS use was associated with reduced time in the hospital with acute respiratory infection and reduced diastolic blood pressure but not with other health measurements. We find many significant gains from promoting rural biogas stoves in a context in which traditional stove use persists, although pollution levels in ICS households still remained above WHO guidelines. (Figure Presented).

AB - Traditional cooking using biomass is associated with ill health, local environmental degradation, and regional climate change. Clean stoves (liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), biogas, and electric) are heralded as a solution, but few studies have demonstrated their environmental health benefits in field settings. We analyzed the impact of mainly biogas (as well as electric and LPG) stove use on social, environmental, and health outcomes in two districts in Odisha, India, where the Indian government has promoted household biogas. We established a cross-sectional observational cohort of 105 households that use either traditional mud stoves or improved cookstoves (ICS). Our multidisciplinary team conducted surveys, environmental air sampling, fuel weighing, and health measurements. We examined associations between traditional or improved stove use and primary outcomes, stratifying households by proximity to major industrial plants. ICS use was associated with 91% reduced use of firewood (p < 0.01), substantial time savings for primary cooks, a 72% reduction in PM2.5, a 78% reduction in PAH levels, and significant reductions in water-soluble organic carbon and nitrogen (p < 0.01) in household air samples. ICS use was associated with reduced time in the hospital with acute respiratory infection and reduced diastolic blood pressure but not with other health measurements. We find many significant gains from promoting rural biogas stoves in a context in which traditional stove use persists, although pollution levels in ICS households still remained above WHO guidelines. (Figure Presented).

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85008502004&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85008502004&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/acs.est.6b02466

DO - 10.1021/acs.est.6b02466

M3 - Article

VL - 51

SP - 560

EP - 569

JO - Environmental Science & Technology

JF - Environmental Science & Technology

SN - 0013-936X

IS - 1

ER -