Binding studies based on ultrafast affinity extraction and single- or two-column systems: Interactions of second- and third-generation sulfonylurea drugs with normal or glycated human serum albumin

Bao Yang, Xiwei Zheng, David S. Hage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


Ultrafast affinity extraction was evaluated and used with microcolumns containing human serum albumin (HSA) to measure the global affinity constants and dissociation rate constants for several second- and third-generation sulfonylurea drugs with solution-phase normal HSA or glycated HSA. Glibenclamide, glimepiride and glipizide were used as model drugs for this work. Both single- and two-column systems were considered for the analysis of global affinities for the model drugs. These methods were optimized with respect to the flow rates, column sizes and sample residence times that were employed with each drug for ultrafast affinity extraction. Data acquired with single-column systems were further utilized to estimate the dissociation rate constants for normal HSA and glycated HSA with the given drugs. The binding constants obtained by the single- and two-column systems showed good agreement with each other and with values obtained from the literature. Use of a single-column system indicated that levels of glycation found in controlled or advanced diabetes resulted in a 18–44% decrease in the overall binding strength of the model drugs with HSA. Although the two-column system allowed work with smaller free drug fractions and clinically-relevant drug/protein concentrations, the single-column system required less protein, provided better precision, and was easier to use in binding studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-16
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018



  • Diabetes
  • Drug-protein binding
  • Glycation
  • Human serum albumin
  • Sulfonylurea drugs
  • Ultrafast affinity extraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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