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Abstract

Homogenates of rat liver incubated with 10 mM [14C]ethanol were analyzed for acetaldehyde production and for both stable and unstable radiolabeled acetaldehyde adducts with proteins. During incubation, formation of acetaldehyde and of 14C-labeled proteins both increased with time in a parallel manner. Acetaldehyde generation and subsequent formation of radiolabeled proteins were potentiated by supplementation of the cell-free system with NAD+ (1 mM). Cycloheximide (0.1 mM) caused no significant reduction in protein-bound radioactivity, whereas the addition of strong nucleophiles L-cysteine (5 mM) and reduced glutathione (5 mM) each decreased radiolabeling by 50 to 60%. Preheating of crude homogenates at 90°C, prior to incubation with [14C]ethanol profoundly decreased subsequent production of acetaldehyde and formation of 14C-labeled proteins. The results indicate that the major source of protein-bound radioactivity derived from [14C]ethanol oxidation in this system is due to binding of enzymatically derived [14C]acetaldehyde to hepatic proteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)226-229
Number of pages4
JournalLaboratory Investigation
Volume49
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983

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Acetaldehyde
Liver
Proteins
Ethanol
Radioactivity
Cell-Free System
Cycloheximide
In Vitro Techniques
NAD
Glutathione
Cysteine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Binding of metabolically derived acetaldehyde to hepatic proteins in vitro. / Donohue, Terrence; Tuma, Dean J; Sorrell, Michael Floyd.

In: Laboratory Investigation, Vol. 49, No. 2, 01.01.1983, p. 226-229.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Homogenates of rat liver incubated with 10 mM [14C]ethanol were analyzed for acetaldehyde production and for both stable and unstable radiolabeled acetaldehyde adducts with proteins. During incubation, formation of acetaldehyde and of 14C-labeled proteins both increased with time in a parallel manner. Acetaldehyde generation and subsequent formation of radiolabeled proteins were potentiated by supplementation of the cell-free system with NAD+ (1 mM). Cycloheximide (0.1 mM) caused no significant reduction in protein-bound radioactivity, whereas the addition of strong nucleophiles L-cysteine (5 mM) and reduced glutathione (5 mM) each decreased radiolabeling by 50 to 60{\%}. Preheating of crude homogenates at 90°C, prior to incubation with [14C]ethanol profoundly decreased subsequent production of acetaldehyde and formation of 14C-labeled proteins. The results indicate that the major source of protein-bound radioactivity derived from [14C]ethanol oxidation in this system is due to binding of enzymatically derived [14C]acetaldehyde to hepatic proteins.",
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T1 - Binding of metabolically derived acetaldehyde to hepatic proteins in vitro

AU - Donohue, Terrence

AU - Tuma, Dean J

AU - Sorrell, Michael Floyd

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N2 - Homogenates of rat liver incubated with 10 mM [14C]ethanol were analyzed for acetaldehyde production and for both stable and unstable radiolabeled acetaldehyde adducts with proteins. During incubation, formation of acetaldehyde and of 14C-labeled proteins both increased with time in a parallel manner. Acetaldehyde generation and subsequent formation of radiolabeled proteins were potentiated by supplementation of the cell-free system with NAD+ (1 mM). Cycloheximide (0.1 mM) caused no significant reduction in protein-bound radioactivity, whereas the addition of strong nucleophiles L-cysteine (5 mM) and reduced glutathione (5 mM) each decreased radiolabeling by 50 to 60%. Preheating of crude homogenates at 90°C, prior to incubation with [14C]ethanol profoundly decreased subsequent production of acetaldehyde and formation of 14C-labeled proteins. The results indicate that the major source of protein-bound radioactivity derived from [14C]ethanol oxidation in this system is due to binding of enzymatically derived [14C]acetaldehyde to hepatic proteins.

AB - Homogenates of rat liver incubated with 10 mM [14C]ethanol were analyzed for acetaldehyde production and for both stable and unstable radiolabeled acetaldehyde adducts with proteins. During incubation, formation of acetaldehyde and of 14C-labeled proteins both increased with time in a parallel manner. Acetaldehyde generation and subsequent formation of radiolabeled proteins were potentiated by supplementation of the cell-free system with NAD+ (1 mM). Cycloheximide (0.1 mM) caused no significant reduction in protein-bound radioactivity, whereas the addition of strong nucleophiles L-cysteine (5 mM) and reduced glutathione (5 mM) each decreased radiolabeling by 50 to 60%. Preheating of crude homogenates at 90°C, prior to incubation with [14C]ethanol profoundly decreased subsequent production of acetaldehyde and formation of 14C-labeled proteins. The results indicate that the major source of protein-bound radioactivity derived from [14C]ethanol oxidation in this system is due to binding of enzymatically derived [14C]acetaldehyde to hepatic proteins.

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