Behind the mask: The influence of mask-type on amygdala response to fearful faces

M. Justin Kim, Rebecca A. Loucks, Maital Neta, F. Caroline Davis, Jonathan A. Oler, Emily C. Mazzulla, Paul J. Whalen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we compared the effects of using neutral face masks vs non-face pattern masks on amygdala activity to masked fearful faces. Twenty-seven subjects viewed 18 s blocks of either fearful or happy faces masked with either neutral faces or patterns, while their brain activity was measured using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Results replicated increased amygdala activation to face-masked fearful vs happy faces. In the pattern mask condition, the amygdala discriminated between masked fearful and happy faces, but this effect manifested as a decrease in activation to fearful faces compared to happy faces. This interactive effect between facial expression and mask stimulus shows that amygdala responses to masked fearful faces are influenced by the fearful stimuli per se as well as their interaction with the mask stimulus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbernsq014
Pages (from-to)363-368
Number of pages6
JournalSocial cognitive and affective neuroscience
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010

Fingerprint

Masks
Amygdala
Facial Expression
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Brain

Keywords

  • Amygdala
  • Backward masking
  • Face
  • Fear
  • fMRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Cite this

Justin Kim, M., Loucks, R. A., Neta, M., Caroline Davis, F., Oler, J. A., Mazzulla, E. C., & Whalen, P. J. (2010). Behind the mask: The influence of mask-type on amygdala response to fearful faces. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience, 5(4), 363-368. [nsq014]. https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsq014

Behind the mask : The influence of mask-type on amygdala response to fearful faces. / Justin Kim, M.; Loucks, Rebecca A.; Neta, Maital; Caroline Davis, F.; Oler, Jonathan A.; Mazzulla, Emily C.; Whalen, Paul J.

In: Social cognitive and affective neuroscience, Vol. 5, No. 4, nsq014, 01.12.2010, p. 363-368.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Justin Kim, M, Loucks, RA, Neta, M, Caroline Davis, F, Oler, JA, Mazzulla, EC & Whalen, PJ 2010, 'Behind the mask: The influence of mask-type on amygdala response to fearful faces', Social cognitive and affective neuroscience, vol. 5, no. 4, nsq014, pp. 363-368. https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsq014
Justin Kim, M. ; Loucks, Rebecca A. ; Neta, Maital ; Caroline Davis, F. ; Oler, Jonathan A. ; Mazzulla, Emily C. ; Whalen, Paul J. / Behind the mask : The influence of mask-type on amygdala response to fearful faces. In: Social cognitive and affective neuroscience. 2010 ; Vol. 5, No. 4. pp. 363-368.
@article{751d1efbb2d4490fb56f54b7c90a6c58,
title = "Behind the mask: The influence of mask-type on amygdala response to fearful faces",
abstract = "In this study, we compared the effects of using neutral face masks vs non-face pattern masks on amygdala activity to masked fearful faces. Twenty-seven subjects viewed 18 s blocks of either fearful or happy faces masked with either neutral faces or patterns, while their brain activity was measured using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Results replicated increased amygdala activation to face-masked fearful vs happy faces. In the pattern mask condition, the amygdala discriminated between masked fearful and happy faces, but this effect manifested as a decrease in activation to fearful faces compared to happy faces. This interactive effect between facial expression and mask stimulus shows that amygdala responses to masked fearful faces are influenced by the fearful stimuli per se as well as their interaction with the mask stimulus.",
keywords = "Amygdala, Backward masking, Face, Fear, fMRI",
author = "{Justin Kim}, M. and Loucks, {Rebecca A.} and Maital Neta and {Caroline Davis}, F. and Oler, {Jonathan A.} and Mazzulla, {Emily C.} and Whalen, {Paul J.}",
year = "2010",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/scan/nsq014",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
pages = "363--368",
journal = "Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience",
issn = "1749-5024",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Behind the mask

T2 - The influence of mask-type on amygdala response to fearful faces

AU - Justin Kim, M.

AU - Loucks, Rebecca A.

AU - Neta, Maital

AU - Caroline Davis, F.

AU - Oler, Jonathan A.

AU - Mazzulla, Emily C.

AU - Whalen, Paul J.

PY - 2010/12/1

Y1 - 2010/12/1

N2 - In this study, we compared the effects of using neutral face masks vs non-face pattern masks on amygdala activity to masked fearful faces. Twenty-seven subjects viewed 18 s blocks of either fearful or happy faces masked with either neutral faces or patterns, while their brain activity was measured using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Results replicated increased amygdala activation to face-masked fearful vs happy faces. In the pattern mask condition, the amygdala discriminated between masked fearful and happy faces, but this effect manifested as a decrease in activation to fearful faces compared to happy faces. This interactive effect between facial expression and mask stimulus shows that amygdala responses to masked fearful faces are influenced by the fearful stimuli per se as well as their interaction with the mask stimulus.

AB - In this study, we compared the effects of using neutral face masks vs non-face pattern masks on amygdala activity to masked fearful faces. Twenty-seven subjects viewed 18 s blocks of either fearful or happy faces masked with either neutral faces or patterns, while their brain activity was measured using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Results replicated increased amygdala activation to face-masked fearful vs happy faces. In the pattern mask condition, the amygdala discriminated between masked fearful and happy faces, but this effect manifested as a decrease in activation to fearful faces compared to happy faces. This interactive effect between facial expression and mask stimulus shows that amygdala responses to masked fearful faces are influenced by the fearful stimuli per se as well as their interaction with the mask stimulus.

KW - Amygdala

KW - Backward masking

KW - Face

KW - Fear

KW - fMRI

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78650604598&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=78650604598&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/scan/nsq014

DO - 10.1093/scan/nsq014

M3 - Article

C2 - 20147456

AN - SCOPUS:78650604598

VL - 5

SP - 363

EP - 368

JO - Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

JF - Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

SN - 1749-5024

IS - 4

M1 - nsq014

ER -