Automatic Building Detection From High-Resolution Satellite Images Based on Morphology and Internal Gray Variance

D. Chaudhuri, N. K. Kushwaha, A. Samal, R. C. Agarwal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Automatic building extraction remains an open research topic in digital photogrammetry and remote sensing. While many algorithms have been proposed for building extraction, none of them solve the problem completely. This is even a greater challenge in urban areas, due to high-object density and scene complexity. Standard approaches do not achieve satisfactory performance, especially with high-resolution satellite images. This paper presents a novel framework for reliable and accurate building extraction from high-resolution panchromatic images. Proposed framework exploits the domain knowledge (spatial and spectral properties) about the nature of objects in the scene, their optical interactions and their impact on the resulting image. The steps in the approach consist of 1) directional morphological enhancement; 2) multiseed-based clustering technique using internal gray variance (IGV); 3) shadow detection; 4) false alarm reduction using positional information of both building edge and shadow; and 5) adaptive threshold based segmentation technique. We have evaluated the algorithm using a variety of images from IKONOS and QuickBird satellites. The results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm is both accurate and efficient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7122242
Pages (from-to)1767-1779
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2016

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Index Terms-Building detection
  • clustering
  • enhancement
  • feature extraction
  • high resolution
  • morphology
  • remote sensing
  • segmentation
  • thinning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computers in Earth Sciences
  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this