Augmented reality cues and elderly driver hazard perception

Mark C. Schall, Michelle L. Rusch, John D. Lee, Jeffrey D. Dawson, Geb Thomas, Nazan Aksan, Matthew Rizzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of augmented reality (AR) cues in improving driving safety among elderly drivers who are at increased crash risk because of cognitive impairments. Background: Cognitively challenging driving environments pose a particular crash risk for elderly drivers. AR cuing is a promising technology to mitigate risk by directing driver attention to roadway hazards. We investigate whether AR cues improve or interfere with hazard perception in elderly drivers with age-related cognitive decline. Method: A total of 20 elderly (M = 73 years, SD = 5) licensed drivers with a range of cognitive abilities measured by a speed-of-processing (SOP) composite participated in a 1-hr drive in an interactive, fixed-base driving simulator. Each participant drove through six straight, 6-mile-long, rural roadway scenarios following a lead vehicle. AR cues directed attention to potential roadside hazards in three of the scenarios, and the other three were uncued (baseline) drives. Effects of AR cuing were evaluated with respect to (a) detection of hazardous target objects, (b) interference with detecting nonhazardous secondary objects, and (c) impairment in maintaining safe distance behind a lead vehicle. Results: AR cuing improved the detection of hazardous target objects of low visibility. AR cues did not interfere with detection of nonhazardous secondary objects and did not impair ability to maintain safe distance behind a lead vehicle. SOP capacity did not moderate those effects. Conclusion: AR cues show promise for improving elderly driver safety by increasing hazard detection likelihood without interfering with other driving tasks, such as maintaining safe headway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)643-658
Number of pages16
JournalHuman Factors
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2013

Fingerprint

Augmented reality
Cues
Hazards
driver
Aptitude
Lead
Safety
scenario
Roadsides
Technology
cognitive ability
Processing
Visibility
interference
Simulators
Composite materials
ability
Cognitive Dysfunction
Drive

Keywords

  • aging and individual differences
  • displays and controls
  • driver behavior
  • psychomotor processes
  • sensory and perceptual processes
  • simulation and virtual reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Applied Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Schall, M. C., Rusch, M. L., Lee, J. D., Dawson, J. D., Thomas, G., Aksan, N., & Rizzo, M. (2013). Augmented reality cues and elderly driver hazard perception. Human Factors, 55(3), 643-658. https://doi.org/10.1177/0018720812462029

Augmented reality cues and elderly driver hazard perception. / Schall, Mark C.; Rusch, Michelle L.; Lee, John D.; Dawson, Jeffrey D.; Thomas, Geb; Aksan, Nazan; Rizzo, Matthew.

In: Human Factors, Vol. 55, No. 3, 01.06.2013, p. 643-658.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schall, MC, Rusch, ML, Lee, JD, Dawson, JD, Thomas, G, Aksan, N & Rizzo, M 2013, 'Augmented reality cues and elderly driver hazard perception', Human Factors, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 643-658. https://doi.org/10.1177/0018720812462029
Schall MC, Rusch ML, Lee JD, Dawson JD, Thomas G, Aksan N et al. Augmented reality cues and elderly driver hazard perception. Human Factors. 2013 Jun 1;55(3):643-658. https://doi.org/10.1177/0018720812462029
Schall, Mark C. ; Rusch, Michelle L. ; Lee, John D. ; Dawson, Jeffrey D. ; Thomas, Geb ; Aksan, Nazan ; Rizzo, Matthew. / Augmented reality cues and elderly driver hazard perception. In: Human Factors. 2013 ; Vol. 55, No. 3. pp. 643-658.
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