Attention training normalises combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder effects on emotional Stroop performance using lexically matched word lists

Maya M. Khanna, Amy S. Badura-Brack, Timothy J. McDermott, Alex Shepherd, Elizabeth C Heinrichs-Graham, Daniel S. Pine, Yair Bar-Haim, Tony W Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined two groups of combat veterans, one with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (n = 27) and another without PTSD (n = 16), using an emotional Stroop task (EST) with word lists matched across a series of lexical variables (e.g. length, frequency, neighbourhood size, etc.). Participants with PTSD exhibited a strong EST effect (longer colour-naming latencies for combat-relevant words as compared to neutral words). Veterans without PTSD produced no such effect, t <.918, p >.37. Participants with PTSD then completed eight sessions of attention training (Attention Control Training or Attention Bias Modification Training) with a dot-probe task utilising threatening and neutral faces. After training, participants—especially those undergoing Attention Control Training—no longer produced longer colour-naming latencies for combat-related words as compared to other words, indicating normalised attention allocation processes after treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1521-1528
Number of pages8
JournalCognition and Emotion
Volume30
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 16 2016

Fingerprint

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Veterans
Color
Stroop Test
Stroop
Word Lists
Emotion
Naming Latency
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • PTSD
  • attention bias modification
  • attention training
  • emotional Stroop
  • lexically matched lists

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Attention training normalises combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder effects on emotional Stroop performance using lexically matched word lists. / Khanna, Maya M.; Badura-Brack, Amy S.; McDermott, Timothy J.; Shepherd, Alex; Heinrichs-Graham, Elizabeth C; Pine, Daniel S.; Bar-Haim, Yair; Wilson, Tony W.

In: Cognition and Emotion, Vol. 30, No. 8, 16.11.2016, p. 1521-1528.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Khanna, Maya M. ; Badura-Brack, Amy S. ; McDermott, Timothy J. ; Shepherd, Alex ; Heinrichs-Graham, Elizabeth C ; Pine, Daniel S. ; Bar-Haim, Yair ; Wilson, Tony W. / Attention training normalises combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder effects on emotional Stroop performance using lexically matched word lists. In: Cognition and Emotion. 2016 ; Vol. 30, No. 8. pp. 1521-1528.
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