Associations between Charlson Comorbidity Index and Surgical Risk Severity and the surgical outcomes in advanced-age patients

Kelly J. Larson, Ryan J. Hamlin, Juraj Sprung, Darrell R. Schroeder, Toby N. Weingarten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) has not been assessed for elderly (95 years of age or older) surgical patients. We examined the association between the CCI and life-threatening complications and 30-day mortality rate. Medical records of patients 95 years old or older from 2004 through 2008 were reviewed for major postoperative morbidity or death. Logistic regression analyses of age, sex, the CCI, American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Surgical Risk Stratification, and surgical urgency were performed to identify associations with poor surgical outcome. One hundred eighty-seven patients were identified (mean [standard deviation] age, 96.6 [1.9] years; median [interquartile range] CCI, 4 [2 to 6]). Ninety patients (48.1%) underwent moderate-risk and 20 (10.7%) underwent high-risk surgical procedures. Twenty patients (10.7%) died within 30 postoperative days and 20 others had major morbidity. Only moderate-risk (P = 0.045) and high-risk surgical procedures (P = 0.001) were associated with poor outcome. Patients of advanced age have high rates of morbidity and death after surgical procedures. These events are associated with surgical risk stratification and are independent of patient comorbidities. Risks, benefits, and alternatives must be considered carefully and discussed with patients and their families before deciding to proceed with high-risk surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)555-560
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Volume80
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2014

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Comorbidity
Morbidity
Mortality
Medical Records
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Associations between Charlson Comorbidity Index and Surgical Risk Severity and the surgical outcomes in advanced-age patients. / Larson, Kelly J.; Hamlin, Ryan J.; Sprung, Juraj; Schroeder, Darrell R.; Weingarten, Toby N.

In: American Surgeon, Vol. 80, No. 6, 01.06.2014, p. 555-560.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Larson, Kelly J. ; Hamlin, Ryan J. ; Sprung, Juraj ; Schroeder, Darrell R. ; Weingarten, Toby N. / Associations between Charlson Comorbidity Index and Surgical Risk Severity and the surgical outcomes in advanced-age patients. In: American Surgeon. 2014 ; Vol. 80, No. 6. pp. 555-560.
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