Associations among chronic disease status, participation in federal nutrition programs, food insecurity, and sugar-sweetened beverage and water intake among residents of a health-disparate region

Brenda M. Davy, Jamie M. Zoellner, Clarice N. Waters, Angela N. Bailey, Jennie L. Hill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


Objective: To determine whether sociodemographic characteristics, food security status, participation in federal nutrition programs (Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program [SNAP] or Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children [WIC]), and chronic disease status were associated with adherence to water and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake recommendations. Design: Cross-sectional, random-digit phone survey with questions from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and beverage intake questionnaire. Participants: Residents of a medically underserved, rural area. Main Outcome Measures: Water and SSB intake. Analysis: Descriptive statistics, chi-square and 1-way ANOVA, and linear and logistic regression. Results: The sample consisted of 930 respondents (aged 56 ± 17 years; 35% non-white); reported food insecurity and SNAP and WIC participation were 37%, 29%, and 8%, respectively. Prevalent health conditions included overweight/obesity (69%), diabetes (19%), and hypertension (45%). Water recommendations were more likely to be met (72%; mean intake, 31 ± 19 fluid oz) than SSB (41%; mean intake, 246 ± 297 kcal). Food insecurity and SNAP/WIC participation were not associated with meeting recommendations, but those reporting ≥ 1 chronic disease were more likely to meet SSB recommendations (odds ratio, 2.42; P = .02). Conclusions and Implications: Odds of achieving SSB but not water recommendations were greater among individuals with a chronic disease. Efforts to communicate beverage recommendations to at-risk groups are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)196-205.e1
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2015



  • Beverages
  • Diabetes
  • Health disparities
  • Rural
  • Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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