Association Between E-Cigarette Use and Acculturation Among Adult Immigrants in the United States

Yang Wang, Linnea Laestadius, Jim P. Stimpson, Fernando Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Despite a dramatic increase in e-cigarette popularity in recent years, the relationship between acculturation and e-cigarette use among immigrants largely remains unknown. We investigated the association between acculturation, measured by both self-reported English proficiency and length of stay in the United States, and immigrants’ use of e-cigarettes using data from the 2016-2017 National Health Interview Survey. Multivariate logistic regressions were used to examine the associations of acculturation factors with ever and current use of e-cigarettes. We found that high English proficiency increased the odds of ever using e-cigarettes among immigrants (adjusted odds ratios: “well,” 2.22; “very well,” 3.24; with the reference group being “not well”). The association was significant among only men. However, we did not find a significant association between length of stay in the United States and e-cigarette use after adjusting for English proficiency. Future research is warranted to investigate how peer use, family-level factors, country of origin, and marketing strategies jointly influence e-cigarette use among immigrants, especially men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSubstance Abuse: Research and Treatment
Volume13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

Fingerprint

Acculturation
Tobacco Products
Length of Stay
Electronic Cigarettes
Marketing
Health Surveys
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Interviews

Keywords

  • acculturation
  • electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes)
  • electronic nicotine delivery systems
  • female
  • immigrants
  • male
  • smoking
  • vaping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Association Between E-Cigarette Use and Acculturation Among Adult Immigrants in the United States. / Wang, Yang; Laestadius, Linnea; Stimpson, Jim P.; Wilson, Fernando.

In: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment, Vol. 13, 01.06.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2c05d67da28c498bb4eccec0f9a19e90,
title = "Association Between E-Cigarette Use and Acculturation Among Adult Immigrants in the United States",
abstract = "Despite a dramatic increase in e-cigarette popularity in recent years, the relationship between acculturation and e-cigarette use among immigrants largely remains unknown. We investigated the association between acculturation, measured by both self-reported English proficiency and length of stay in the United States, and immigrants’ use of e-cigarettes using data from the 2016-2017 National Health Interview Survey. Multivariate logistic regressions were used to examine the associations of acculturation factors with ever and current use of e-cigarettes. We found that high English proficiency increased the odds of ever using e-cigarettes among immigrants (adjusted odds ratios: “well,” 2.22; “very well,” 3.24; with the reference group being “not well”). The association was significant among only men. However, we did not find a significant association between length of stay in the United States and e-cigarette use after adjusting for English proficiency. Future research is warranted to investigate how peer use, family-level factors, country of origin, and marketing strategies jointly influence e-cigarette use among immigrants, especially men.",
keywords = "acculturation, electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), electronic nicotine delivery systems, female, immigrants, male, smoking, vaping",
author = "Yang Wang and Linnea Laestadius and Stimpson, {Jim P.} and Fernando Wilson",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/1178221819855086",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "13",
journal = "Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment",
issn = "1178-2218",
publisher = "Libertas Academica Ltd.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Association Between E-Cigarette Use and Acculturation Among Adult Immigrants in the United States

AU - Wang, Yang

AU - Laestadius, Linnea

AU - Stimpson, Jim P.

AU - Wilson, Fernando

PY - 2019/6/1

Y1 - 2019/6/1

N2 - Despite a dramatic increase in e-cigarette popularity in recent years, the relationship between acculturation and e-cigarette use among immigrants largely remains unknown. We investigated the association between acculturation, measured by both self-reported English proficiency and length of stay in the United States, and immigrants’ use of e-cigarettes using data from the 2016-2017 National Health Interview Survey. Multivariate logistic regressions were used to examine the associations of acculturation factors with ever and current use of e-cigarettes. We found that high English proficiency increased the odds of ever using e-cigarettes among immigrants (adjusted odds ratios: “well,” 2.22; “very well,” 3.24; with the reference group being “not well”). The association was significant among only men. However, we did not find a significant association between length of stay in the United States and e-cigarette use after adjusting for English proficiency. Future research is warranted to investigate how peer use, family-level factors, country of origin, and marketing strategies jointly influence e-cigarette use among immigrants, especially men.

AB - Despite a dramatic increase in e-cigarette popularity in recent years, the relationship between acculturation and e-cigarette use among immigrants largely remains unknown. We investigated the association between acculturation, measured by both self-reported English proficiency and length of stay in the United States, and immigrants’ use of e-cigarettes using data from the 2016-2017 National Health Interview Survey. Multivariate logistic regressions were used to examine the associations of acculturation factors with ever and current use of e-cigarettes. We found that high English proficiency increased the odds of ever using e-cigarettes among immigrants (adjusted odds ratios: “well,” 2.22; “very well,” 3.24; with the reference group being “not well”). The association was significant among only men. However, we did not find a significant association between length of stay in the United States and e-cigarette use after adjusting for English proficiency. Future research is warranted to investigate how peer use, family-level factors, country of origin, and marketing strategies jointly influence e-cigarette use among immigrants, especially men.

KW - acculturation

KW - electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes)

KW - electronic nicotine delivery systems

KW - female

KW - immigrants

KW - male

KW - smoking

KW - vaping

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85071320751&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85071320751&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1178221819855086

DO - 10.1177/1178221819855086

M3 - Article

VL - 13

JO - Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment

JF - Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment

SN - 1178-2218

ER -