Assessment of slip severity among different age groups

Thurmon E. Lockhart, Jeffrey C. Woldstad, James L. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A laboratory study utilizing new techniques for assessing slip severity was conducted to investigate the process of inadvertent slips and falls among different age groups. Forty-two subjects from three age groups (young adults, middle-aged, and the elderly) walked on a rectangular track at a self-determined pace. Without the subjects' awareness, a slippery floor surface was placed on the track over a force-measuring platform. The results indicated that elderly adults' friction demand (RCOF) was not significantly different from the young and middle-aged adults. The older adults however fell more often than the other age groups. Fall recovery threshold (FRT) measures indicated that younger adults were able to recover from a slip (thus preventing a fall) with higher sliding speeds and longer slip distances than older adults. Additionally, older adults' adjusted friction utilization (AFU) on the slippery floor surface was not adjusted within the dynamic friction requirements, resulting in more falls. Based on the age-related differences observed, it appears that fall-related accidents among older adults are due more to factors influencing compensation of a slip rather than gait characteristics influencing slip initiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-32
Number of pages16
JournalASTM Special Technical Publication
Issue number1424
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002
EventMetrology of Pedestrian Locomotion and Slip Resistance - West Conshohcken, PA, United States
Duration: Jun 5 2001Jun 5 2001

Fingerprint

Friction
Accidents
Recovery
Compensation and Redress

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Coefficient of friction
  • Fall recovery
  • Friction demand
  • Gait biomechanics
  • Heel velocity
  • Slip distances
  • Slip severity
  • Slips and falls

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Lockhart, T. E., Woldstad, J. C., & Smith, J. L. (2002). Assessment of slip severity among different age groups. ASTM Special Technical Publication, (1424), 17-32.

Assessment of slip severity among different age groups. / Lockhart, Thurmon E.; Woldstad, Jeffrey C.; Smith, James L.

In: ASTM Special Technical Publication, No. 1424, 01.01.2002, p. 17-32.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Lockhart, TE, Woldstad, JC & Smith, JL 2002, 'Assessment of slip severity among different age groups', ASTM Special Technical Publication, no. 1424, pp. 17-32.
Lockhart TE, Woldstad JC, Smith JL. Assessment of slip severity among different age groups. ASTM Special Technical Publication. 2002 Jan 1;(1424):17-32.
Lockhart, Thurmon E. ; Woldstad, Jeffrey C. ; Smith, James L. / Assessment of slip severity among different age groups. In: ASTM Special Technical Publication. 2002 ; No. 1424. pp. 17-32.
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