Artificial vision devices

Eyal Margalit, James D. Weiland, Eugene De Juan, Mark S. Humayun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Artificial vision devices or visual prostheses are designed to electrically stimulate neurons along the visual pathways in order to bypass dysfunctional distal stations in order to create vision perception in blind patients. Retinal and optic nerve prostheses are named according to the anatomic location of implantation: cortical prostheses, retinal prostheses, and optic nerve prostheses. Other devices include hybrid retinal implants and sensory substitution devices. Each type has advantages and disadvantages. Given that intact neurons along the visual pathways can be found in almost all blind patients, only our current lack of experience and capabilities in physiology, biocompatibility and device-tissue interfacing prevents us from stimulating them in a safe and effective manner. We can only hope that the day such devices are widely used is in the near future and not decades away.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)334-339
Number of pages6
JournalOphthalmic Practice
Volume19
Issue number8
StatePublished - Dec 1 2001

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Equipment and Supplies
Visual Prosthesis
Visual Pathways
Optic Nerve
Prostheses and Implants
Prosthesis Implantation
Neurons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Margalit, E., Weiland, J. D., De Juan, E., & Humayun, M. S. (2001). Artificial vision devices. Ophthalmic Practice, 19(8), 334-339.

Artificial vision devices. / Margalit, Eyal; Weiland, James D.; De Juan, Eugene; Humayun, Mark S.

In: Ophthalmic Practice, Vol. 19, No. 8, 01.12.2001, p. 334-339.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Margalit, E, Weiland, JD, De Juan, E & Humayun, MS 2001, 'Artificial vision devices', Ophthalmic Practice, vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 334-339.
Margalit E, Weiland JD, De Juan E, Humayun MS. Artificial vision devices. Ophthalmic Practice. 2001 Dec 1;19(8):334-339.
Margalit, Eyal ; Weiland, James D. ; De Juan, Eugene ; Humayun, Mark S. / Artificial vision devices. In: Ophthalmic Practice. 2001 ; Vol. 19, No. 8. pp. 334-339.
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