Are purines mediators of the anticonvulsant/neuroprotective effects of ketogenic diets?

Susan A. Masino, Jonathan Geiger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abnormal neuronal signaling caused by metabolic changes characterizes several neurological disorders, and in some instances metabolic interventions provide therapeutic benefits. Indeed, altering metabolism either by fasting or by maintaining a low-carbohydrate (ketogenic) diet might reduce epileptic seizures and offer neuroprotection in part because the diet increases mitochondrial biogenesis and brain energy levels. Here we focus on a novel hypothesis that a ketogenic diet-induced change in energy metabolism increases levels of ATP and adenosine, purines that are critically involved in neuron-glia interactions, neuromodulation and synaptic plasticity. Enhancing brain bioenergetics (ATP) and increasing levels of adenosine, an endogenous anticonvulsant and neuroprotective molecule, might help with understanding and treating a variety of neurological disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-278
Number of pages6
JournalTrends in Neurosciences
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2008

Fingerprint

Ketogenic Diet
Purines
Neuroprotective Agents
Nervous System Diseases
Anticonvulsants
Adenosine
Energy Metabolism
Adenosine Triphosphate
Carbohydrate-Restricted Diet
Neuronal Plasticity
Brain
Organelle Biogenesis
Neuroglia
Epilepsy
Fasting
Diet
Neurons
Therapeutics
Neuroprotection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Are purines mediators of the anticonvulsant/neuroprotective effects of ketogenic diets? / Masino, Susan A.; Geiger, Jonathan.

In: Trends in Neurosciences, Vol. 31, No. 6, 01.06.2008, p. 273-278.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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