Architecture, deformation style and petrophysical properties of growth fault systems: the Late Triassic deltaic succession of southern Edgeøya (East Svalbard)

Kei Ogata, Mark J. Mulrooney, Alvar Braathen, Harmon Maher, Per Terje Osmundsen, Ingrid Anell, Aleksandra Anna Smyrak-Sikora, Fabrizio Balsamo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The Late Triassic outcrops on southern Edgeøya, East Svalbard, allow a multiscale study of syn-sedimentary listric growth faults located in the prodelta region of a regional prograding system. At least three hierarchical orders of growth faults have been recognized, each showing different deformation mechanisms, styles and stratigraphic locations of the associated detachment interval. The faults, characterized by mutually influencing deformation envelopes over space-time, generally show SW- to SE-dipping directions, indicating a counter-regional trend with respect to the inferred W-NW directed progradation of the associated delta system. The down-dip movement is accommodated by polyphase deformation, with the different fault architectural elements recording a time-dependent transition from fluidal-hydroplastic to ductile-brittle deformation, which is also conceptually scale-dependent, from the smaller- (3rd order) to the larger-scale (1st order) end-member faults respectively. A shift from distributed strain to strain localization towards the fault cores is observed at the meso to microscale (<1 mm), and in the variation in petrophysical parameters of the litho-structural facies across and along the fault envelope, with bulk porosity, density, pore size and microcrack intensity varying accordingly to deformation and reworking intensity of inherited structural fabrics. The second- and third-order listric fault nucleation points appear to be located above blind fault tip-related monoclines involving cemented organic shales. Close to planar, through-going, first-order faults cut across this boundary, eventually connecting with other favourable lower-hierarchy fault to create seismic-scale fault zones similar to those imaged in the nearby offshore areas. The inferred large-scale driving mechanisms for the first-order faults are related to the combined effect of tectonic reactivation of deeper Palaeozoic structures in a far field stress regime due to the Uralide orogeny, and differential compaction associated with increased sand sedimentary input in a fine-grained, water-saturated, low-accommodation, prodeltaic depositional environment. In synergy to this large-scale picture, small-scale causative factors favouring second- and third-order faulting seem to be related to mechanical-rheological instabilities related to localized shallow diagenesis and liquidization fronts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1042-1073
Number of pages32
JournalBasin Research
Volume30
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2018

Fingerprint

growth fault
Triassic
listric fault
Uralide orogeny
monocline
brittle deformation
ductile deformation
deformation mechanism
microcrack
progradation
reworking
reactivation
depositional environment
stress field
nucleation
diagenesis
fault zone
dip
compaction
faulting

Keywords

  • detachment
  • fault zone architecture
  • listric growth faulting
  • strain partitioning
  • structural diagenesis
  • syn-sedimentary tectonics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

Cite this

Architecture, deformation style and petrophysical properties of growth fault systems : the Late Triassic deltaic succession of southern Edgeøya (East Svalbard). / Ogata, Kei; Mulrooney, Mark J.; Braathen, Alvar; Maher, Harmon; Osmundsen, Per Terje; Anell, Ingrid; Smyrak-Sikora, Aleksandra Anna; Balsamo, Fabrizio.

In: Basin Research, Vol. 30, No. 5, 10.2018, p. 1042-1073.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ogata, Kei ; Mulrooney, Mark J. ; Braathen, Alvar ; Maher, Harmon ; Osmundsen, Per Terje ; Anell, Ingrid ; Smyrak-Sikora, Aleksandra Anna ; Balsamo, Fabrizio. / Architecture, deformation style and petrophysical properties of growth fault systems : the Late Triassic deltaic succession of southern Edgeøya (East Svalbard). In: Basin Research. 2018 ; Vol. 30, No. 5. pp. 1042-1073.
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