Apolipoprotein B100 acts as a molecular link between lipid-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress and hepatic insulin resistance

Qiaozhu Su, Julie Tsai, Elaine Xu, Wei Qiu, Erika Bereczki, Miklos Santha, Khosrow Adeli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Accumulation of unfolded and misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) results in ER stress and lipid overload-induced ER stress has been implicated in the development of insulin resistance. Here, evidence is provided for a molecular link between hepatic apolipoprotein B100 (apoB100), induction of ER stress, and attenuated insulin signaling. First, in vivo upregulation of hepatic apoB100 by a lipogenic diet was found to be closely associated with ER stress and attenuated insulin signaling in the liver. Direct in vivo overexpression of human apoB100 in a mouse transgenic model further supported the link between excessive apoB100 expression and hepatic ER stress. Human apoB100 transgenic mice exhibited hypertriglyceridemia and hyperglycemia. In vitro, accumulation of cellular apoB100 by free fatty acid (oleate) stimulation or constant expression of wild-type or N-glycosylation mutant apoB50 in hepatic cells induced ER stress. This led to perturbed activation of glycogen synthase kinase 3 and glycogen synthase by way of the activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase and suppression of insulin signaling cascade, suggesting that dysregulation of apoB was sufficient to disturb ER homeostasis and induce hepatic insulin resistance. Small interfering (si)RNA-mediated attenuation of elevated apoB level in the apoB50-expressing cells rescued cells from lipid-induced ER stress and reversed insulin insensitivity. Conclusion: These findings implicate apoB100 as a molecular link between lipidinduced ER stress and hepatic insulin resistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-84
Number of pages8
JournalHepatology
Volume50
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 25 2009

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Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress
Apolipoproteins
Insulin Resistance
Lipids
Liver
Insulin
Apolipoproteins B
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Transgenic Mice
Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3
Glycogen Synthase
Protein Unfolding
JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Hypertriglyceridemia
Oleic Acid
Glycosylation
Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Hyperglycemia
Small Interfering RNA
Hepatocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

Cite this

Apolipoprotein B100 acts as a molecular link between lipid-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress and hepatic insulin resistance. / Su, Qiaozhu; Tsai, Julie; Xu, Elaine; Qiu, Wei; Bereczki, Erika; Santha, Miklos; Adeli, Khosrow.

In: Hepatology, Vol. 50, No. 1, 25.11.2009, p. 77-84.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Su, Qiaozhu ; Tsai, Julie ; Xu, Elaine ; Qiu, Wei ; Bereczki, Erika ; Santha, Miklos ; Adeli, Khosrow. / Apolipoprotein B100 acts as a molecular link between lipid-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress and hepatic insulin resistance. In: Hepatology. 2009 ; Vol. 50, No. 1. pp. 77-84.
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