Anxiety and Depression During Childhood and Adolescence: Testing Theoretical Models of Continuity and Discontinuity

Joseph R. Cohen, Arthur R Andrews III, Megan M. Davis, Karen D. Rudolph

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study sought to clarify the trajectory (i.e., continuous vs. discontinuous) and expression (i.e., homotypic vs. heterotypic) of anxiety and depressive symptoms across childhood and adolescence. We utilized a state-of-the-science analytic approach to simultaneously test theoretical models that describe the development of internalizing symptoms in youth. In a sample of 636 children (53% female; M age = 7.04; SD age = 0.35) self-report measures of anxiety and depression were completed annually by youth through their freshman year of high school. For both anxiety and depression, a piecewise growth curve model provided the best fit for the data, with symptoms decreasing until age 12 (the “developmental knot”) and then increasing into early adolescence. The trajectory of anxiety symptoms was best described by a discontinuous homotypic pattern in which childhood anxiety predicted adolescent anxiety. For depression, two distinct pathways were discovered: A discontinuous homotypic pathway in which childhood depression predicted adolescent depression and a discontinuous heterotypic pathway in which childhood anxiety predicted adolescent depression. Analytical, methodological, and clinical implications of these findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1295-1308
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume46
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018

Fingerprint

Theoretical Models
Anxiety
Depression
Self Report
Growth

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Discontinuity
  • Growth curve modeling
  • Heterotypic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Anxiety and Depression During Childhood and Adolescence : Testing Theoretical Models of Continuity and Discontinuity. / Cohen, Joseph R.; Andrews III, Arthur R; Davis, Megan M.; Rudolph, Karen D.

In: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 46, No. 6, 01.08.2018, p. 1295-1308.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2b0668dfcbf04160bb9e773d24f48104,
title = "Anxiety and Depression During Childhood and Adolescence: Testing Theoretical Models of Continuity and Discontinuity",
abstract = "The present study sought to clarify the trajectory (i.e., continuous vs. discontinuous) and expression (i.e., homotypic vs. heterotypic) of anxiety and depressive symptoms across childhood and adolescence. We utilized a state-of-the-science analytic approach to simultaneously test theoretical models that describe the development of internalizing symptoms in youth. In a sample of 636 children (53{\%} female; M age = 7.04; SD age = 0.35) self-report measures of anxiety and depression were completed annually by youth through their freshman year of high school. For both anxiety and depression, a piecewise growth curve model provided the best fit for the data, with symptoms decreasing until age 12 (the “developmental knot”) and then increasing into early adolescence. The trajectory of anxiety symptoms was best described by a discontinuous homotypic pattern in which childhood anxiety predicted adolescent anxiety. For depression, two distinct pathways were discovered: A discontinuous homotypic pathway in which childhood depression predicted adolescent depression and a discontinuous heterotypic pathway in which childhood anxiety predicted adolescent depression. Analytical, methodological, and clinical implications of these findings are discussed.",
keywords = "Anxiety, Depression, Discontinuity, Growth curve modeling, Heterotypic",
author = "Cohen, {Joseph R.} and {Andrews III}, {Arthur R} and Davis, {Megan M.} and Rudolph, {Karen D.}",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10802-017-0370-x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "46",
pages = "1295--1308",
journal = "Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology",
issn = "0091-0627",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Anxiety and Depression During Childhood and Adolescence

T2 - Testing Theoretical Models of Continuity and Discontinuity

AU - Cohen, Joseph R.

AU - Andrews III, Arthur R

AU - Davis, Megan M.

AU - Rudolph, Karen D.

PY - 2018/8/1

Y1 - 2018/8/1

N2 - The present study sought to clarify the trajectory (i.e., continuous vs. discontinuous) and expression (i.e., homotypic vs. heterotypic) of anxiety and depressive symptoms across childhood and adolescence. We utilized a state-of-the-science analytic approach to simultaneously test theoretical models that describe the development of internalizing symptoms in youth. In a sample of 636 children (53% female; M age = 7.04; SD age = 0.35) self-report measures of anxiety and depression were completed annually by youth through their freshman year of high school. For both anxiety and depression, a piecewise growth curve model provided the best fit for the data, with symptoms decreasing until age 12 (the “developmental knot”) and then increasing into early adolescence. The trajectory of anxiety symptoms was best described by a discontinuous homotypic pattern in which childhood anxiety predicted adolescent anxiety. For depression, two distinct pathways were discovered: A discontinuous homotypic pathway in which childhood depression predicted adolescent depression and a discontinuous heterotypic pathway in which childhood anxiety predicted adolescent depression. Analytical, methodological, and clinical implications of these findings are discussed.

AB - The present study sought to clarify the trajectory (i.e., continuous vs. discontinuous) and expression (i.e., homotypic vs. heterotypic) of anxiety and depressive symptoms across childhood and adolescence. We utilized a state-of-the-science analytic approach to simultaneously test theoretical models that describe the development of internalizing symptoms in youth. In a sample of 636 children (53% female; M age = 7.04; SD age = 0.35) self-report measures of anxiety and depression were completed annually by youth through their freshman year of high school. For both anxiety and depression, a piecewise growth curve model provided the best fit for the data, with symptoms decreasing until age 12 (the “developmental knot”) and then increasing into early adolescence. The trajectory of anxiety symptoms was best described by a discontinuous homotypic pattern in which childhood anxiety predicted adolescent anxiety. For depression, two distinct pathways were discovered: A discontinuous homotypic pathway in which childhood depression predicted adolescent depression and a discontinuous heterotypic pathway in which childhood anxiety predicted adolescent depression. Analytical, methodological, and clinical implications of these findings are discussed.

KW - Anxiety

KW - Depression

KW - Discontinuity

KW - Growth curve modeling

KW - Heterotypic

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85038390196&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85038390196&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10802-017-0370-x

DO - 10.1007/s10802-017-0370-x

M3 - Article

C2 - 29256025

AN - SCOPUS:85038390196

VL - 46

SP - 1295

EP - 1308

JO - Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

JF - Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

SN - 0091-0627

IS - 6

ER -