Antisocial and human capital pathways to socioeconomic exclusion: A 42-year prospective study

Jukka Savolainen, W. Alex Mason, Anna Liisa Lyyra, Lea Pulkkinen, Katja Kokko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Nordic welfare states have been very successful at reducing poverty and inequality among their citizens. However, the presence of a strong social safety net in these countries has not solved the problem of socioeconomic exclusion, manifesting in such outcomes as chronic unemployment and welfare dependency. In an effort to understand this phenomenon, the current study builds on the assumption that psychological risk factors emerge as important determinants of socioeconomic disadvantage in an environment where ascribed characteristics have less impact on educational and occupational attainment. Using data from Finland, this research examined a life course model linking childhood differences in cognitive skills and antisocial propensity to midlife socioeconomic exclusion. The Jyväskylä Longitudinal Study of Personality and Social Development (n = 369) follows individuals from age 8 (b. 1959) through age 50. Evidence from a structural equation model found support for key theoretical predictions: (a) human capital and antisocial pathways contributed independently to socioeconomic exclusion; (b) the effect of childhood psychological factors on midlife socioeconomic exclusion was mediated by adolescent and adult life course outcomes; and (c) the human capital and antisocial domains intersected such that antisocial children struggled in school as adolescents, which contributed to their persistence in crime and deviance in adulthood-a behavioral pattern that directly increased the risk of socioeconomic exclusion in midlife. In short, the findings suggest that early emerging differences in cognitive ability and antisociality set in motion a process of negative life outcomes with enduring consequences for socioeconomic well-being. The results are discussed from the perspective of sociohistorical context and public policy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1597-1609
Number of pages13
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Volume53
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2017

Fingerprint

human capital
exclusion
Economics
Prospective Studies
Personality Development
Psychology
Aptitude
Unemployment
Structural Models
Crime
Finland
Poverty
Public Policy
childhood
Longitudinal Studies
adolescent
personality development
psychological factors
Safety
cognitive ability

Keywords

  • Antisocial behavior
  • Human capital
  • Life course
  • Socioeconomic disadvantage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Cite this

Savolainen, J., Mason, W. A., Lyyra, A. L., Pulkkinen, L., & Kokko, K. (2017). Antisocial and human capital pathways to socioeconomic exclusion: A 42-year prospective study. Developmental psychology, 53(8), 1597-1609. https://doi.org/10.1037/dev0000344

Antisocial and human capital pathways to socioeconomic exclusion : A 42-year prospective study. / Savolainen, Jukka; Mason, W. Alex; Lyyra, Anna Liisa; Pulkkinen, Lea; Kokko, Katja.

In: Developmental psychology, Vol. 53, No. 8, 08.2017, p. 1597-1609.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Savolainen, J, Mason, WA, Lyyra, AL, Pulkkinen, L & Kokko, K 2017, 'Antisocial and human capital pathways to socioeconomic exclusion: A 42-year prospective study', Developmental psychology, vol. 53, no. 8, pp. 1597-1609. https://doi.org/10.1037/dev0000344
Savolainen, Jukka ; Mason, W. Alex ; Lyyra, Anna Liisa ; Pulkkinen, Lea ; Kokko, Katja. / Antisocial and human capital pathways to socioeconomic exclusion : A 42-year prospective study. In: Developmental psychology. 2017 ; Vol. 53, No. 8. pp. 1597-1609.
@article{40b21eda96ac4f8c862e0bafa15446ce,
title = "Antisocial and human capital pathways to socioeconomic exclusion: A 42-year prospective study",
abstract = "Nordic welfare states have been very successful at reducing poverty and inequality among their citizens. However, the presence of a strong social safety net in these countries has not solved the problem of socioeconomic exclusion, manifesting in such outcomes as chronic unemployment and welfare dependency. In an effort to understand this phenomenon, the current study builds on the assumption that psychological risk factors emerge as important determinants of socioeconomic disadvantage in an environment where ascribed characteristics have less impact on educational and occupational attainment. Using data from Finland, this research examined a life course model linking childhood differences in cognitive skills and antisocial propensity to midlife socioeconomic exclusion. The Jyv{\"a}skyl{\"a} Longitudinal Study of Personality and Social Development (n = 369) follows individuals from age 8 (b. 1959) through age 50. Evidence from a structural equation model found support for key theoretical predictions: (a) human capital and antisocial pathways contributed independently to socioeconomic exclusion; (b) the effect of childhood psychological factors on midlife socioeconomic exclusion was mediated by adolescent and adult life course outcomes; and (c) the human capital and antisocial domains intersected such that antisocial children struggled in school as adolescents, which contributed to their persistence in crime and deviance in adulthood-a behavioral pattern that directly increased the risk of socioeconomic exclusion in midlife. In short, the findings suggest that early emerging differences in cognitive ability and antisociality set in motion a process of negative life outcomes with enduring consequences for socioeconomic well-being. The results are discussed from the perspective of sociohistorical context and public policy.",
keywords = "Antisocial behavior, Human capital, Life course, Socioeconomic disadvantage",
author = "Jukka Savolainen and Mason, {W. Alex} and Lyyra, {Anna Liisa} and Lea Pulkkinen and Katja Kokko",
year = "2017",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1037/dev0000344",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "53",
pages = "1597--1609",
journal = "Developmental Psychology",
issn = "0012-1649",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Antisocial and human capital pathways to socioeconomic exclusion

T2 - A 42-year prospective study

AU - Savolainen, Jukka

AU - Mason, W. Alex

AU - Lyyra, Anna Liisa

AU - Pulkkinen, Lea

AU - Kokko, Katja

PY - 2017/8

Y1 - 2017/8

N2 - Nordic welfare states have been very successful at reducing poverty and inequality among their citizens. However, the presence of a strong social safety net in these countries has not solved the problem of socioeconomic exclusion, manifesting in such outcomes as chronic unemployment and welfare dependency. In an effort to understand this phenomenon, the current study builds on the assumption that psychological risk factors emerge as important determinants of socioeconomic disadvantage in an environment where ascribed characteristics have less impact on educational and occupational attainment. Using data from Finland, this research examined a life course model linking childhood differences in cognitive skills and antisocial propensity to midlife socioeconomic exclusion. The Jyväskylä Longitudinal Study of Personality and Social Development (n = 369) follows individuals from age 8 (b. 1959) through age 50. Evidence from a structural equation model found support for key theoretical predictions: (a) human capital and antisocial pathways contributed independently to socioeconomic exclusion; (b) the effect of childhood psychological factors on midlife socioeconomic exclusion was mediated by adolescent and adult life course outcomes; and (c) the human capital and antisocial domains intersected such that antisocial children struggled in school as adolescents, which contributed to their persistence in crime and deviance in adulthood-a behavioral pattern that directly increased the risk of socioeconomic exclusion in midlife. In short, the findings suggest that early emerging differences in cognitive ability and antisociality set in motion a process of negative life outcomes with enduring consequences for socioeconomic well-being. The results are discussed from the perspective of sociohistorical context and public policy.

AB - Nordic welfare states have been very successful at reducing poverty and inequality among their citizens. However, the presence of a strong social safety net in these countries has not solved the problem of socioeconomic exclusion, manifesting in such outcomes as chronic unemployment and welfare dependency. In an effort to understand this phenomenon, the current study builds on the assumption that psychological risk factors emerge as important determinants of socioeconomic disadvantage in an environment where ascribed characteristics have less impact on educational and occupational attainment. Using data from Finland, this research examined a life course model linking childhood differences in cognitive skills and antisocial propensity to midlife socioeconomic exclusion. The Jyväskylä Longitudinal Study of Personality and Social Development (n = 369) follows individuals from age 8 (b. 1959) through age 50. Evidence from a structural equation model found support for key theoretical predictions: (a) human capital and antisocial pathways contributed independently to socioeconomic exclusion; (b) the effect of childhood psychological factors on midlife socioeconomic exclusion was mediated by adolescent and adult life course outcomes; and (c) the human capital and antisocial domains intersected such that antisocial children struggled in school as adolescents, which contributed to their persistence in crime and deviance in adulthood-a behavioral pattern that directly increased the risk of socioeconomic exclusion in midlife. In short, the findings suggest that early emerging differences in cognitive ability and antisociality set in motion a process of negative life outcomes with enduring consequences for socioeconomic well-being. The results are discussed from the perspective of sociohistorical context and public policy.

KW - Antisocial behavior

KW - Human capital

KW - Life course

KW - Socioeconomic disadvantage

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85021772039&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85021772039&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/dev0000344

DO - 10.1037/dev0000344

M3 - Article

C2 - 28541062

AN - SCOPUS:85021772039

VL - 53

SP - 1597

EP - 1609

JO - Developmental Psychology

JF - Developmental Psychology

SN - 0012-1649

IS - 8

ER -