Stent prosthesis is a high efficacious method with low complication rates. However, the ideal adjunctive therapy following stent implantation remains controversial. The authors compared the effectiveness and complication rates of aspirin-ticlopidine antiplatelet therapy vs anticoagulant therapy with acenocoumarol within 30 days following stent prosthesis. They prospectively studied 404 patients following stent prosthesis while randomly receiving anticoagulant (Group A: 201 patients) vs antiplatelet treatment (Group B: 203 patients). Groups A and B were similar in demographic data (age, gender) stent location, clinical presentation, indication of stenting, and type of implanted stent. Chi-square test, t test, and Wilcoxon test for two samples were used for statistical analysis of the results. Stent implantation was attempted in 434 cases. This was successful in 70/85 (82%) of the bailout, 122/135 (90%) of the suboptimal, and 212/214 (99%) of the elective cases. In 201 patients anticoagulant treatment with acenocoumarol was administered for 4 weeks (group A) while 203 received antiplatelet treatment with ticlopidine (group B). The need for reintervention was less and total cardiac events were fewer in group B than in group A: three (1.5%) and nine (4.4%) vs 18 (9%) and 29 (14.4%) p < 0.0008 and p < 0.006 respectively. Hemorrhagic complications and total noncardiac events were fewer in group B than in group A: six (3%) and six (3%) vs 18 (9%) and 19 (9.5%) p < 0.01 and p < 0.007 respectively. The length of hospital stay was shorter in group B than in A, p < 0.0001. In conclusion, in this study of intracoronary stenting the authors had a high success rate in 434 attempted cases. Antiplatelet therapy was accompanied by fewer cardiac and noncardiac 1 month events when compared with anticoagulant therapy, supporting its role as the adjunctive treatment of choice post-stenting for the time being.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine