Anterior glenohumeral instability: A pathology-based surgical treatment strategy

Philipp N. Streubel, Aaron J. Krych, Juan P. Simone, Diane L. Dahm, John W. Sperling, Scott P. Steinmann, Shawn W. O'Driscoll, Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The glenohumeral joint is the most frequently dislocated major joint, and most cases involve an anterior dislocation. Young male athletes competing in contact sports are at especially high risk of recurrent instability. Surgical timing and selection of surgical technique continue to be debated. Full characterization of the injury requires an accurate history and physical examination. Diagnostic imaging assists in identifying the underlying anatomic lesions, which range from no discernible lesion to significant bone loss of the glenoid or humeral head and/or capsulolabral stretching or avulsion from the glenoid or humerus. Historically, open Bankart repair has been considered to be the standard method of managing capsulolabral injuries, but comparable results have been achieved with arthroscopic techniques. In the setting of anterior glenoid bone loss >20% of the articular surface, iliac crest bone grafting or coracoid transfer via the Bristow or Latarjet procedures has demonstrated satisfactory outcomes. Favorable results have been reported with bone grafting or remplissage for engaging Hill-Sachs lesions and those that affect >30% of the humeral circumference.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-294
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014

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Surgical Pathology
Bone Transplantation
Joints
Humeral Head
Bone and Bones
Shoulder Joint
Humerus
Wounds and Injuries
Diagnostic Imaging
Athletes
Physical Examination
Sports
History
Therapeutics
Bankart Lesions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Streubel, P. N., Krych, A. J., Simone, J. P., Dahm, D. L., Sperling, J. W., Steinmann, S. P., ... Sanchez-Sotelo, J. (2014). Anterior glenohumeral instability: A pathology-based surgical treatment strategy. Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 22(5), 283-294. https://doi.org/10.5435/JAAOS-22-05-283

Anterior glenohumeral instability : A pathology-based surgical treatment strategy. / Streubel, Philipp N.; Krych, Aaron J.; Simone, Juan P.; Dahm, Diane L.; Sperling, John W.; Steinmann, Scott P.; O'Driscoll, Shawn W.; Sanchez-Sotelo, Joaquin.

In: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Vol. 22, No. 5, 05.2014, p. 283-294.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Streubel, PN, Krych, AJ, Simone, JP, Dahm, DL, Sperling, JW, Steinmann, SP, O'Driscoll, SW & Sanchez-Sotelo, J 2014, 'Anterior glenohumeral instability: A pathology-based surgical treatment strategy', Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 283-294. https://doi.org/10.5435/JAAOS-22-05-283
Streubel, Philipp N. ; Krych, Aaron J. ; Simone, Juan P. ; Dahm, Diane L. ; Sperling, John W. ; Steinmann, Scott P. ; O'Driscoll, Shawn W. ; Sanchez-Sotelo, Joaquin. / Anterior glenohumeral instability : A pathology-based surgical treatment strategy. In: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. 2014 ; Vol. 22, No. 5. pp. 283-294.
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