Analysis of sexual dimorphism in human face

Ashok K Samal, Vanitha Subramani, David Marx

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Human beings can easily distinguish between a male and a female face without much difficulty. The science of recognizing and differentiating different faces by humans is not completely understood and is still under research. Sexual dimorphism is common in humans and indeed in other species of animals as well. Significant differences between males and females exist in many aspects like size, color, body shapes, and weight. In this research, we characterize and analyze the sexual dimorphism in human face as a function of age and of face features. Features are grouped into six categories: head, eyes, orbits, nose, lips, and mouth, and ears. We demonstrate that the face of adult males is significantly different from adult females. We also identify the features that significantly contribute to the dimorphism of the face. This provides a basis for gender-based classification of faces.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)453-463
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Visual Communication and Image Representation
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

Fingerprint

Animals
Orbits
Color

Keywords

  • Face classification
  • Face recognition
  • Gender classification
  • Human face
  • Sexual dimorphism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Media Technology
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Analysis of sexual dimorphism in human face. / Samal, Ashok K; Subramani, Vanitha; Marx, David.

In: Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation, Vol. 18, No. 6, 01.12.2007, p. 453-463.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Samal, Ashok K ; Subramani, Vanitha ; Marx, David. / Analysis of sexual dimorphism in human face. In: Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation. 2007 ; Vol. 18, No. 6. pp. 453-463.
@article{c3dc538ed95b45dc8aa2a07d47e46ad7,
title = "Analysis of sexual dimorphism in human face",
abstract = "Human beings can easily distinguish between a male and a female face without much difficulty. The science of recognizing and differentiating different faces by humans is not completely understood and is still under research. Sexual dimorphism is common in humans and indeed in other species of animals as well. Significant differences between males and females exist in many aspects like size, color, body shapes, and weight. In this research, we characterize and analyze the sexual dimorphism in human face as a function of age and of face features. Features are grouped into six categories: head, eyes, orbits, nose, lips, and mouth, and ears. We demonstrate that the face of adult males is significantly different from adult females. We also identify the features that significantly contribute to the dimorphism of the face. This provides a basis for gender-based classification of faces.",
keywords = "Face classification, Face recognition, Gender classification, Human face, Sexual dimorphism",
author = "Samal, {Ashok K} and Vanitha Subramani and David Marx",
year = "2007",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jvcir.2007.04.010",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
pages = "453--463",
journal = "Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation",
issn = "1047-3203",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis of sexual dimorphism in human face

AU - Samal, Ashok K

AU - Subramani, Vanitha

AU - Marx, David

PY - 2007/12/1

Y1 - 2007/12/1

N2 - Human beings can easily distinguish between a male and a female face without much difficulty. The science of recognizing and differentiating different faces by humans is not completely understood and is still under research. Sexual dimorphism is common in humans and indeed in other species of animals as well. Significant differences between males and females exist in many aspects like size, color, body shapes, and weight. In this research, we characterize and analyze the sexual dimorphism in human face as a function of age and of face features. Features are grouped into six categories: head, eyes, orbits, nose, lips, and mouth, and ears. We demonstrate that the face of adult males is significantly different from adult females. We also identify the features that significantly contribute to the dimorphism of the face. This provides a basis for gender-based classification of faces.

AB - Human beings can easily distinguish between a male and a female face without much difficulty. The science of recognizing and differentiating different faces by humans is not completely understood and is still under research. Sexual dimorphism is common in humans and indeed in other species of animals as well. Significant differences between males and females exist in many aspects like size, color, body shapes, and weight. In this research, we characterize and analyze the sexual dimorphism in human face as a function of age and of face features. Features are grouped into six categories: head, eyes, orbits, nose, lips, and mouth, and ears. We demonstrate that the face of adult males is significantly different from adult females. We also identify the features that significantly contribute to the dimorphism of the face. This provides a basis for gender-based classification of faces.

KW - Face classification

KW - Face recognition

KW - Gender classification

KW - Human face

KW - Sexual dimorphism

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=35448932846&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=35448932846&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jvcir.2007.04.010

DO - 10.1016/j.jvcir.2007.04.010

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:35448932846

VL - 18

SP - 453

EP - 463

JO - Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation

JF - Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation

SN - 1047-3203

IS - 6

ER -