Analysis of free drug fractions by ultrafast affinity extraction: Interactions of sulfonylurea drugs with normal or glycated human serum albumin

Xiwei Zheng, Ryan Matsuda, David S. Hage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations


Ultrafast affinity extraction and a multi-dimensional affinity system were developed for measuring free drug fractions at therapeutic levels. This approach was used to compare the free fractions and global affinity constants of several sulfonylurea drugs in the presence of normal human serum albumin (HSA) or glycated forms of this protein, as are produced during diabetes. Affinity microcolumns containing immobilized HSA were first used to extract the free drug fractions in injected drug/protein mixtures. As the retained drug eluted from the HSA microcolumn, it was passed through a second HSA column for further separation and measurement. Items that were considered during the optimization of this approach included the column sizes and flow rates that were used, and the time at which the second column was placed on-line with the HSA microcolumn. This method required only 1.0. μL of a sample per injection and was able to measure free drug fractions as small as 0.09-2.58% with an absolute precision of ±0.02-0.5%. The results that were obtained indicated that glycation can affect the free fractions of sulfonylurea drugs at typical therapeutic levels and that the size of this effect varies with the level of HSA glycation. Global affinity constants that were estimated from these free drug fractions gave good agreement with those predicted from previous binding studies or determined through a reference method. The same approach could be utilized with other drugs and proteins or modified binding agents of clinical or pharmaceutical interest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-89
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Publication statusPublished - Dec 5 2014



  • Affinity chromatography
  • Drug-protein binding
  • Human serum albumin
  • Protein glycation
  • Sulfonylurea drugs
  • Ultrafast affinity extraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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