Alternative methods of selection for litter size in mice

II. Response to thirteen generations of selection.

J. M. Gion, A. C. Clutter, Merlyn K Nielsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Selection was conducted on an index of components of litter size (I = 1.21 x ovulation rate + 9.05 x ova success; ovulation rate measured by number of corpora lutea and ova success measured as number of pups born + number of corpora lutea), on uterine capacity (measured as number of pups born to unilaterally ovariectomized dams) and on litter size concurrent with an unselected control for 13 generations. Selection criteria (IX = index, UT = uterine capacity, LS = litter size and LC = control) were applied in each of three replicates. In an evaluation after five generations, IX and LS each exceeded LC by about .5 pups, with no response in UT. After 13 generations, mean ovulation rate, ova success and litter size (measured as number of fetuses at 17 d gestation in intact females) were, for IX, 14.25, .84, 11.95; for LS, 14.15, .82, 11.64; for UT, 12.61, .86, 10.77; and for LC, 12.27, .82, 9.98. The regression of number born (litter size in IX, LS and LC; uterine capacity with only a functional left uterine horn in UT) on cumulative selection differential across 13 generations was .12 +/- .01, .09 +/- .02 and .08 +/- .02 for IX, LS and UT, respectively. The regression of breeding value for litter size on each selection criterion, estimated as response in the generation-13 evaluation divided by cumulative selection differential, was .11 +/- .02, .08 +/- .01 and .05 +/- .03 for IX, LS and UT, respectively. Regression of response in number born on generation number was .17 +/- .01, .15 +/- .04 and .10 +/- .02 for IX, LS and UT, respectively. Selection in IX was promising relative to LS, and selection in UT changed number born.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3543-3556
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume68
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990

Fingerprint

Litter Size
selection methods
litter size
mice
Ovulation
ova
pups
Ovum
ovulation
Corpus Luteum
selection criteria
corpus luteum
Patient Selection
breeding value
Breeding
fetus
Fetus
pregnancy
Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Alternative methods of selection for litter size in mice : II. Response to thirteen generations of selection. / Gion, J. M.; Clutter, A. C.; Nielsen, Merlyn K.

In: Journal of animal science, Vol. 68, No. 11, 01.01.1990, p. 3543-3556.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gion, J. M. ; Clutter, A. C. ; Nielsen, Merlyn K. / Alternative methods of selection for litter size in mice : II. Response to thirteen generations of selection. In: Journal of animal science. 1990 ; Vol. 68, No. 11. pp. 3543-3556.
@article{76670e400c644f729dd315dd3a170837,
title = "Alternative methods of selection for litter size in mice: II. Response to thirteen generations of selection.",
abstract = "Selection was conducted on an index of components of litter size (I = 1.21 x ovulation rate + 9.05 x ova success; ovulation rate measured by number of corpora lutea and ova success measured as number of pups born + number of corpora lutea), on uterine capacity (measured as number of pups born to unilaterally ovariectomized dams) and on litter size concurrent with an unselected control for 13 generations. Selection criteria (IX = index, UT = uterine capacity, LS = litter size and LC = control) were applied in each of three replicates. In an evaluation after five generations, IX and LS each exceeded LC by about .5 pups, with no response in UT. After 13 generations, mean ovulation rate, ova success and litter size (measured as number of fetuses at 17 d gestation in intact females) were, for IX, 14.25, .84, 11.95; for LS, 14.15, .82, 11.64; for UT, 12.61, .86, 10.77; and for LC, 12.27, .82, 9.98. The regression of number born (litter size in IX, LS and LC; uterine capacity with only a functional left uterine horn in UT) on cumulative selection differential across 13 generations was .12 +/- .01, .09 +/- .02 and .08 +/- .02 for IX, LS and UT, respectively. The regression of breeding value for litter size on each selection criterion, estimated as response in the generation-13 evaluation divided by cumulative selection differential, was .11 +/- .02, .08 +/- .01 and .05 +/- .03 for IX, LS and UT, respectively. Regression of response in number born on generation number was .17 +/- .01, .15 +/- .04 and .10 +/- .02 for IX, LS and UT, respectively. Selection in IX was promising relative to LS, and selection in UT changed number born.",
author = "Gion, {J. M.} and Clutter, {A. C.} and Nielsen, {Merlyn K}",
year = "1990",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2527/1990.68113543x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "68",
pages = "3543--3556",
journal = "Journal of Animal Science",
issn = "0021-8812",
publisher = "American Society of Animal Science",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Alternative methods of selection for litter size in mice

T2 - II. Response to thirteen generations of selection.

AU - Gion, J. M.

AU - Clutter, A. C.

AU - Nielsen, Merlyn K

PY - 1990/1/1

Y1 - 1990/1/1

N2 - Selection was conducted on an index of components of litter size (I = 1.21 x ovulation rate + 9.05 x ova success; ovulation rate measured by number of corpora lutea and ova success measured as number of pups born + number of corpora lutea), on uterine capacity (measured as number of pups born to unilaterally ovariectomized dams) and on litter size concurrent with an unselected control for 13 generations. Selection criteria (IX = index, UT = uterine capacity, LS = litter size and LC = control) were applied in each of three replicates. In an evaluation after five generations, IX and LS each exceeded LC by about .5 pups, with no response in UT. After 13 generations, mean ovulation rate, ova success and litter size (measured as number of fetuses at 17 d gestation in intact females) were, for IX, 14.25, .84, 11.95; for LS, 14.15, .82, 11.64; for UT, 12.61, .86, 10.77; and for LC, 12.27, .82, 9.98. The regression of number born (litter size in IX, LS and LC; uterine capacity with only a functional left uterine horn in UT) on cumulative selection differential across 13 generations was .12 +/- .01, .09 +/- .02 and .08 +/- .02 for IX, LS and UT, respectively. The regression of breeding value for litter size on each selection criterion, estimated as response in the generation-13 evaluation divided by cumulative selection differential, was .11 +/- .02, .08 +/- .01 and .05 +/- .03 for IX, LS and UT, respectively. Regression of response in number born on generation number was .17 +/- .01, .15 +/- .04 and .10 +/- .02 for IX, LS and UT, respectively. Selection in IX was promising relative to LS, and selection in UT changed number born.

AB - Selection was conducted on an index of components of litter size (I = 1.21 x ovulation rate + 9.05 x ova success; ovulation rate measured by number of corpora lutea and ova success measured as number of pups born + number of corpora lutea), on uterine capacity (measured as number of pups born to unilaterally ovariectomized dams) and on litter size concurrent with an unselected control for 13 generations. Selection criteria (IX = index, UT = uterine capacity, LS = litter size and LC = control) were applied in each of three replicates. In an evaluation after five generations, IX and LS each exceeded LC by about .5 pups, with no response in UT. After 13 generations, mean ovulation rate, ova success and litter size (measured as number of fetuses at 17 d gestation in intact females) were, for IX, 14.25, .84, 11.95; for LS, 14.15, .82, 11.64; for UT, 12.61, .86, 10.77; and for LC, 12.27, .82, 9.98. The regression of number born (litter size in IX, LS and LC; uterine capacity with only a functional left uterine horn in UT) on cumulative selection differential across 13 generations was .12 +/- .01, .09 +/- .02 and .08 +/- .02 for IX, LS and UT, respectively. The regression of breeding value for litter size on each selection criterion, estimated as response in the generation-13 evaluation divided by cumulative selection differential, was .11 +/- .02, .08 +/- .01 and .05 +/- .03 for IX, LS and UT, respectively. Regression of response in number born on generation number was .17 +/- .01, .15 +/- .04 and .10 +/- .02 for IX, LS and UT, respectively. Selection in IX was promising relative to LS, and selection in UT changed number born.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025515376&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025515376&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2527/1990.68113543x

DO - 10.2527/1990.68113543x

M3 - Article

VL - 68

SP - 3543

EP - 3556

JO - Journal of Animal Science

JF - Journal of Animal Science

SN - 0021-8812

IS - 11

ER -