Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) infection altered leukocyte populations in calves that were reflected by depression of T, BoCD4+, and BoCD8+ lymphocytes in the thymus and depression of B lymphocytes in Peyer's patches (PP). The present study was based on mononuclear leukocyte preparations from eighteen 9- to 12-month-old crossbred calves that were each exposed to either bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV), BVDV, or BRSV and BVDV concurrently, or served as mock-infected controls. Peripheral blood leukocytes were collected on postinfection days (PID) 0, 2, 4, 6, and 8, and cell populations from thymus, spleen, mesenteric lymph node, and PP were collected at necropsy on PID 9. The leukocytes were analyzed using flow cytometry for lymphocyte subpopulations expressing antigens specific for BoCD2, BoCD4, BoCD8, BoWC1, λ light chain of bovine immunoglobulin, BoCD11b and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II. Concurrent BRSV and BVDV infections caused exaggerated alterations in leukocyte populations with a greater percentage of T-lymphocytes harvested from the PP. Alterations in the leukocyte populations in lymphatic tissues and in peripheral circulation due to BVDV infection may be an important mechanism for causation of clinically severe diseases of the respiratory and digestive tracts during concurrent BRSV and BVDV infections.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine