Alpha 1-antitrypsin and protease complexation is induced by lipopolysaccharide, interleukin-1β, and tumor necrosis factor-α in monocytes

Daren L Knoell, David R. Ralston, Kristin R. Coulter, Mark D. Wewers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Local regulation of α1-antitrypsin (α1-AT) may have importance in maintenance of the protease-anti-protease balance in the microenvironment of inflammatory cells. We therefore studied whether lipopolysaccharide (LPS), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) affect the pericellular concentration of α1-AT in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). PBMC taken from normal healthy volunteers were treated with LPS, IL-1β, and TNFα, and the concentration of human α1-AT in conditioned supernatants was measured. When compared with unstimulated control supernatants (147 ± 19 ng/ml), LPS (439 ± 66 ng/ml; p ≤ 0.001), IL-1β (263 ± 37 ng/ml; p ≤ 0.01), and TNFα (316 ± 59 ng/ml; p ≤ 0.05) induced a 2- to 3-fold increase of α1-AT. Up-regulation of α1-AT protein correlated with an increase in α1-AT mRNA, suggesting a simultaneous increase in α1- AT synthesis. Despite the increase in α1-AT concentration, functional antiprotease activity could not be detected. Furthermore, protease activity was present in all samples, with the amount of activity being inversely related to the amount of α1-AT measured in supernatants. These findings suggest that local inflammatory conditions up-regulate α1-AT production by monocytes which complex with a protease derived from the PBMC population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)246-255
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Volume157
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

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alpha 1-Antitrypsin
Interleukin-1
Lipopolysaccharides
Monocytes
Peptide Hydrolases
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Blood Cells
Healthy Volunteers
Up-Regulation
Cellular Microenvironment
Protease Inhibitors
Maintenance
Messenger RNA
Population
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Alpha 1-antitrypsin and protease complexation is induced by lipopolysaccharide, interleukin-1β, and tumor necrosis factor-α in monocytes. / Knoell, Daren L; Ralston, David R.; Coulter, Kristin R.; Wewers, Mark D.

In: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Vol. 157, No. 1, 01.01.1998, p. 246-255.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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